2014.03.06【英译中】First Aid in Medical Emergencies

桃子Lynn (艾羽) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-03-06 11:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
 

   Medical problems do not always develop slowly. Sometimes there are emergencies. An emergency is a situation that requires immediate care to prevent greater harm to the patient. However, it is not always possible to get professional medical help right away, so it is important for everyone to be familiar with first-aid procedures.

   不是所有疾病都是缓慢发展的,也会有急症的出现。急症发生时,需要立即采取措施来保护患者不会受到更大的伤害。然而,并不是任何急症发生时都可以立即得到专业的急救,所以每个人都熟悉急救措施是很重要的。

    狸猫队长润色:急症发生时,需要立即采取措施,以免患者受到更大的伤害。

   The main objective of first aid is to save lives. Fortunately, most first-aid procedures are not complicated and can be performed by someone with a minimum of training. In all emergency cases, a doctor should be called as well as an ambulance, if necessary. A written log should be made stating what treatment was administered and when it was started and completed. This information will be important to the medical personnel who treat the patient later.

    急救的首要目的是拯救生命。幸运的是大多数急救措施并不复杂,通过最基础的培训之后的人都可以施救。在急症发生时,要打电话叫医生前来,如果必要的话,还需救护车。应该有人记录急救实施的过程和起始时间。这些信息对于后期救治病人的医生很重要。

   One of the most serious emergencies occures when an individual has stopped breathing. This may be the result of asphyxiation, electrocution, drowning, a heart attack, or some other cause. After only four minutes without oxygen, brain damage is likely. To prevent brain damage or death, artificial respiration must be started immediately.

    最严重的急症之一就是呼吸停止。它可能是由窒息,电击,溺水,心脏病突发或者其它原因导致的。如果4分钟不吸入氧气,就可能会造成大脑损伤。为了防止大脑损伤甚至人的死亡,必须立即进行人工呼吸。

    Before resuscitation is begun, the victim should be placed face-up on a hand, flat surface. Rough handling should be avoided due to possible fractures, which could cause spine injury, paralysisi, or other internal injuries.

    在开始实施心肺复苏之前,患者应该面朝上平躺。为了避免可能发生的骨折---它会导致脊柱受伤,瘫痪或者其它终生性伤害,不可以粗糙简单的处理。

     红色部分经Medical20指出,应该译为内伤

 

PS:为了译文读起来通顺,LZ对一些语句进行了意译。 欢迎指正交流噢。

最后编辑于:2014-03-08 18:46
分类: 英语
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