2014.03.06【英译中】023 说出你们州众议员的名字

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-06 15:39 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
23. Name your U.S. Representative.  
Answer:   
Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.] 
23. 说出你们州众议员的名字。
答案不是唯一的。(无表决权的领地居民或者属地代表或许能列举几个代表名字。也就是说,在任何官方声明中,这些属地代表在国会都是没有表决权的)

    对美国人来说谁是他们的众议员以及他或她是如何表现的同样重要。美国人想要知道他们的议员是如何投票的,还有他们的表决是否真正代表民意。如果答案是否定的,那么这些选民就会在下次选举中把票投给别人。
    然而,要了解议员的表决情况非常困难,并且要耗费大量时间。那是因为国会花了大量时间讨论重要议题,表决了许许多多不同的法案。一个普通的美国人没那么多时间来阅读所有这些法案,并找出他的议员投了什么票。那需要全职工作!
    幸运的是,许多组织试着来收集并总结这些信息和选民们分享,以便他们做出明智的决定。有些组织还晒出了众议员履历表和他们的投票记录。人们很快就能知道他们的议员是如何行使民众赋予他们的权力的。
    众议院网站可以查询到投票登记表,记录了历年来众议员们是如何投票的。然而,另一些机构把这些信息整理地更加利于理解,因为他们同时解释了每次表决对于该项法案的意义,并显示出随着时间的推移,议员投票的变化。许多民众在投票前都会研究这些机构所发布的投票记录数据。
Explanation:   
  It’s important for Americans to know not only who their U.S. Representative is, but also how he or she is representing them. Americans need to know how their representatives are voting and whether or not those votes accurately (or correctly) represent their interests. If the representative isn’t voting the way that his or her constituents (or the people represented by a representative) want, then those constituents should vote for someone else in the next elections. 
 
  However, it could be difficult and time-consuming (or taking a lot of time) to find out how a representative is voting. That is because the U.S. Congress spends a lot of time talking about important issues and voting on many different bills (or ideas for new laws). A normal American wouldn’t have time to read all of those bills and find out how his or her representative is voting. That would be a full-time job! 
 
  Fortunately, many organizations try to gather (or collect) this information, summarize it (or say the most important ideas in fewer words), and share that information with voters, so that they can make informed decisions. Some groups provide biographical information (or information about a person’s life) about representatives, as well as their voting records (or a list of how a person has voted on all decisions during a certain period of time). People can quickly read this information to determine how well their representative is representing them.  
 
  The website for the U.S. House of Representatives provides the roll call votes, or lists of how representatives have voted over time. However, the other organizations make this information easier to understand, because they also explain what the votes mean for each bill and show changes in a representative’s votes over time. Many people study the voting records published by these organizations before they decide who they want to vote for. 

分类: 英语

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