2014.03.06【英译中】孔子归来

_眷恋 (恋) 初涉译坛
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发表于:2014-03-06 18:58 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

In my fifth year in Beijing, I moved into a one-story brick house beside the Confucius Temple, a seven-hundred-year-old shrine to China’s most important philosopher. The temple, which shared a wall with my kitchen, was silent. It had gnarled cypress trees and a wooden pavilion that loomed above my roof like a conscience. In the mornings, I took a cup of coffee outside and listened to the wakeup sounds next door: the brush of a broom across the flagstones, the squeak of a faucet, the hectoring of the magpies overhead. 


  It was a small miracle that the shrine had survived. Confucius, who was born in the sixth century B.C., traditionally had a stature in  China  akin to that of Socrates in the West. He stressed compassion, ritual, and duty. “There is government when the prince is prince, and the minister is minister; when the father is father, and the son is son,” Confucius said. Chairman Mao believed in “permanent revolution,” and when the Cultural Revolution began, in 1966, he exhorted young Red Guards to “Smash the Four Olds”: old customs, old culture, old habits, and old ideas.
 
Zealots denounced Confucius for fosteringbad elements, rightists, monsters, and freaks,” and one of Mao’s lieutenants gave the approval to dig up his grave. Hundreds of temples were destroyed. By the nineteen-eighties, Confucianism was so maligned that the historian Yu Ying-shih called it a “wandering soul.”


翻译:


 我在北京的第五年搬进孔庙的旁边一个单层砖房子,这个孔庙有七百年历史纪念这位中国最重要的哲学家。这个寺庙和我的厨房隔着一面墙。里面有粗大的柏树,木亭,这个木亭子在我的屋顶上形成一个屏障。早上,我在外面喝杯咖啡,听着隔壁朗朗晨音,在石板上打扫的声音水龙头在转动的吱吱声,吓跑了上头的喜鹊。 

这个寺庙保存下来是个小奇迹。孔子出生于公元前六世纪,在中国传统上的地位类似于西方的苏格拉底。他强调同情,礼仪和责任。孔子说:“当时的政府是王是王,官员是官员,父亲是父亲,儿子是儿子,“。毛主席相信“永久革命”,1966年文化大革命开始的时候,他告诫年轻的红卫兵“破四旧”:旧习俗、旧文化、旧习惯和旧思想。 
毛泽东思想的狂热者谴责孔子的培养(or培育)“坏元素,右派,怪物,怪胎,”有一个副官批准挖掘孔子的坟墓。导致数以百计的寺庙被毁。1980年,儒家思想被历史学家余英时称其为为“孤魂”。


有些地方不知道要怎么翻译会比较好,请各位大神指导,谢谢~ 【有颜色的就是不会翻译,求指导


最后编辑于:2014-03-06 21:35
分类: 英语
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