2014.03.07【英译中】024 美国参议院代表了哪些人的利益?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-07 13:32 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?  
Answer:   
All people of the state 
24. 参议员代表哪些人?
所有的美国人
  有件事情非常有趣:即使你对竞选成功的人投了反对票,他/她上台后依然代表了你。总而言之,如果你投票给A当参议员,但是B获选,那么不管你有没有投票给他,他都将有权代表你。这就是我们说参议员代表了所有美国民众的原因。
  参议员是怎么做得到的?很显然,一个参议员不可能跟他/她的所有选民都谈一遍。这太耗时了,这样一来他/她就根本没有时间去参加议会会议了。所以,比起跟所有选民谈话,他们更倾向于体现大部分民众意向的问卷调查。这使得参议员更容易了解到他的选民对某项法案的看法而不用一个个打电话去问。
  参议员也为有意向的选民提供谈论重要事项的机会。选民随时都可以通过电话、邮件、写信等方式向参议员表达看法。参议员也会在办公室接待自己的选民。当议会会议召开时,他们通常在华盛顿特区会有一个专门的办公室,同时在在他们自己的州的一些重要城市也会有一个办公室。当国会召开会议时,参议员们都会聚集在华盛顿特区。剩下的时间,他们都会在自己的州办公室内和选民谈话,并计划下次议会会议时谈些什么。
Explanation:   
  Here’s an interesting thing about the U.S. government: even if you vote against the person who wins an election (or a competition to see who gets the most votes and is chosen for a public position), he or she has to represent you! In other words, if you vote for person A to become senator, but person B wins, then person B must represent you just as if you had voted for him or her! That is why we say that U.S. senators represent all the people of a state. 
 
  How does a senator do this? Obviously (or clearly), a senator cannot meet and speak with all the people whom he or she represents. This would take up too much time and he or she would never be able to attend the Senate sessions (or meetings with other representatives). So, instead of speaking with everyone in the state, senators rely on (or depend on or use) opinion polls (or surveys or questionnaires) that show what most people in their state think about important topics. This is an easy way for a senator to know what most people think about a certain law without having to call everyone to ask.  
 

  Senators also try to create opportunities for interested voters to speak with them about pressing issues (or topics that they think are most important). Voters can always call, email, or write to their senators to share their opinions. Senators also have offices where they can meet with their constituents (or the people they represent). They normally have an office in Washington, D.C. where the Senate sessions are held (or where they happen), and at least one office in their state, usually in the most important city or cities. When Senate is in session (or having meetings), the senators are in Washington, D.C. The rest of the time, they are normally in their home states, speaking with voters and planning what they want to do the next time the Senate is in session. 


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最后编辑于:2014-03-07 13:35
分类: 英语

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