2014.03.07【英译中】009 《独立宣言》赋予了人们哪几项权力? (翻得我快吐血了)

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
81 0 1
发表于:2014-03-07 16:02 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
9.  What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence? 
Answer:   
•  Life 
•  Liberty 
•  Pursuit of happiness 
9. 《独立宣言》赋予了人们哪几项权力?
生命权
自由权
追求幸福的权力
  “生命、自由、追求幸福”来自于《独立宣言》,这些也是美国人一直以来都津津乐道的。这些词是汤玛斯杰弗逊写出来的,他和其他的《宪法》作者坚信这些权力都是不可剥夺的,人们与生俱来的,政府也无权干涉。这些词等同于“美国精神”。
  在美国,生命权被视为最基本的权力。就如同字面上的意思:活着的权力。这或许听起来很可笑为什么写《独立宣言》的人要特地把生命单独列出来作为一种权力,但是许多早起的美国人在他们从前的国家却没有享受到这种权力。在当时,政府随意杀害百姓,这就是为什么写《独立宣言》要把生命权加入其中。
  第二种权力是自由权。就是一个人可以自己做决定的权力。同样,那些早期美国人以前的国家不给人民这种权力。
  生命权和自由权都很好理解,但是第三种权力:追求幸福的权力,就很难理解了。追求意思就是通过努力得到某样东西。在这里,“幸福”就是人们想得到的任何东西,工作、家庭、安心生活的地方。《独立宣言》的作者认为政府不应当干涉一个人追求幸福的权力。追求幸福这个词被美国很多贫穷致富的故事所引用,一个穷小子通过自己的努力成为富人,包括好几任美国总统。
Explanation:   
    The phrase “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” comes from the Declaration of Independence and it is something Americans talk a lot about.   These words were written by Thomas Jefferson.  He and the other men who wrote the Constitution believed that these are unalienable rights, that people are born with and that a government should not be given the power to take them away.  These words have become synonymous with (or have the same meaning as) the “American spirit” (or the way that Americans think and feel).  
 
    In the United States, the right to life is considered the most basic of all rights.  It’s exactly what it sounds like: the right to be alive.  It may seem funny that the men who wrote the Declaration of Independence included life as a right, but many of the earliest Americans had come from countries that did not take this right seriously. In many of these countries, governments executed (or killed) their own citizens.  This is why the men who wrote the Declaration of Independence included the right to life. 
 
    The second of Jefferson’s rights is the right to liberty (or freedom). The right to liberty is a person’s right to make his or her own decisions.  Again, many of the countries from which the earliest Americans came did not give their people this right. 
 

    The rights to life and liberty are easy to understand, but the third right, the right to the pursuit of happiness, is more vague (or unclear and difficult to understand).  To pursue is to work hard to get something, in this case, happiness. Happiness, of course, could mean anything a person wants to have: a job, a family, or a safe place to live.  The writers of the Declaration of Independence believed that the government should not interfere with (or get in the way of) a person’s right to pursue happiness.  The pursuit of happiness is exemplified by (or shown or seen in) many American rags-to-riches stories, where a person who is very poor becomes very rich because of their own hard work, including those of several U.S. Presidents.  


     欢迎大家订阅我的新节目【美国精神100期】,采用podcast上广受欢迎的英语教学节目,听、说、读、写、译全方位入手,并结合艾宾浩斯记忆遗忘曲线,会在节目中提醒今日该复习哪一课,让你的英语不留死角。 

我相信,真正的好节目,不在于形而在骨。

分类: 英语

  • 1

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团