2014.03.08【英译中】【人体寄生虫学·第二章·寄生虫的生物学·(上)】

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发表于:2014-03-08 18:26 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

翻译社的小伙伴们,果断撒娇打滚卖萌求指教~\(≧▽≦)/~啦啦啦……


      Any two organisms living in close association are termed symbiosis.

任意两种生物共同生活的现象被定义为共生。

This relationship between two organisms may be of long or short duration, and it may benefit one or both of symbionts.

两种生物的这种共生关系可能持续或长或短的一段时间,并可能使一方或者双方获利。

 A symbiotic association which is beneficial to both parts, is termed mutualism.

双方都获益的共生现象叫“互利共生”。

When one of the associated organisms has a benefit and the other is neither advantaged nor harmed, the relationship is termed commensalism.

一种生物受益另一种生物既不受益也不受损的共生关系叫共栖。

Parasitism is a symbiotic relationship in which one animal, the host, is to some degree injured throught the activities of the other animal, the parasite.

寄生是在共生关系中,一种生物(宿主)因为另一种生物(寄生物)的生理活动而产生一定程度的损伤。

The parasite is an organism which is dependent on another organism for its survival.

寄生物是指本身依赖另一种生物而生存的生物。

The host is an organism which harbors the parasite and is usually larger than the parasite.

宿主是指一种为寄生物提供居住环境的生物,且一般在体型上大于寄生物。

 

The development of parasite following on any stage of development and leading through its life history again to that same stage is known as the life cycle(生活史).

 寄生虫完成一代生长、发育和繁殖的完整过程称为寄生虫的生活史。

【这一句是意译的,求小伙伴们指导一下句子分析和直译……另,灰字是专有名词】

To maintain the life cycle, parasites not only need to adapt their hosts, but they are also affected by the external environment.

为了完成其生活史,寄生虫不仅要去适应它们的宿主,它们的生活同样同样受外界环境的影响。

Through knowledge of the life cycle of the parasite, one can understand the way that humans are infected by the particular parasite, and focus on a development stage of life cycle to take a preventive measure against this parasite.

了解和掌握有关于寄生虫生活史的知识,不仅可以认识人类是如何感染上某种特定寄生虫的,同时也可以针对寄生虫生活史的某个发育阶段采取有效的防御措施。


end&【 大家都来涨知识吧~】

上一篇:【第一章】http://s.hujiang.com/topic/121737/

下一篇:【第二章(下http://s.hujiang.com/topic/122368/

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最后编辑于:2014-03-11 10:02
分类: 英语
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