2014.3.11 【英译中】摘自六级题

发表于:2014-03-11 13:02 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

摘自六级题

Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laugher as “a bodily exercise precious to health”.But despite some claims to the contrary,laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness.Laughter does produce short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels,boosting heart rate and oxygen consumption.But because hard laughter is difficult to sustain,a good laugh is unlikely to have measurable benefits the way,say,walking or jogging does.

古希腊哲学家亚里士多德认为笑是“一种非常健康的身体锻炼方式”。但是有一些相反的观点表明,笑可能对身体健康影响很小。微笑的确对心与心血管的功能有短期影响,这种变化表现在心率加快以及耗氧量增强。但由于大笑很难以维持,一次开怀微笑是不可能产生与走路、跑步一样的预期效果。

In fact,instead of straining muscles to build them,as exercise does,laughter apparently accomplishes the opposite.Studies dating back to the 1930s indicate that laughter relaxes muscles,decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down.

事实上,与其它运动通过肌肉紧张来健身不同,笑显然相反的方式来达到健身的目的。早在20世纪30年代就有研究表明笑通过在其消失的45分钟内会减少肌肉张力来放松肌肉。

Such bodily reaction might conceivably help moderate the effects of psychological stress.Anywaythe act of laughing probably does produce other types of physical feedback that improve an individual’s emotional state.According to one classical theory of emotion,our feelings are partially rooted in physical reactions.It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry because they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow.

这样的身体反应可能会促进缓解心理上的紧张。不管怎样,笑这种行为的确会产生其他类型的身体反馈现象来提升个人情感状态。根据一个经典的情绪理论,我们的感情部分来源于身体行为。在19世纪末,有人认为人们不是因为悲伤而哭泣,但当眼泪开始流下来时,他们会变得难过。

Although sadness also precedes tears,evidence suggests that emotions can flow from muscular responses.In an experiment a social psychologist in Germany asked volunteers to hold a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile-or with their tips,which would produce a disappointed expression.Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles reacted more enthusiastically to funny cartoons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown,suggesting that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around.Similarly,the physical act of laughter could improve the mood.

 尽管悲伤发生在眼泪之前,研究证据表明情感是肌肉反应的表现。德国的一位社会心理学家在一次实验上要求每位志愿者用牙齿咬住一支钢笔,由此形成了假笑;或者用嘴唇夹住一支钢笔,从而产生失望的表情。那些被强迫锻炼肌肉的志愿者比那些嘴唇收紧的志愿者对动画片的反应更加强烈。这表明表情也会影响情感而不仅仅是情感影响表情。同样,‘笑’的身体行为会使人的心情愉悦。

希望大家多多指教@Medical20

最后编辑于:2014-03-11 13:04
分类: 英语
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