2014.03.11【英译中】027 我们在几月份选总统?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-11 23:04 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
27. In what month do we vote for President?  
Answer:   
November 
27. 我们在几月份选总统? 11月
  在美国,每四年就要选一次总统,定在11月。每个年满18周岁的美国公民都可以参与投票。
  美国公民需要记名投票。他们需要在选民投票登记卡上写上自己的名字和地址。一张登记卡可以进行地区投票、州投票、全国选举。
  在选举日,登记在册的选民可以到指定的投票室进行投票。在投票室里,他们会得到一张选票,上面列有竞选人名单,选民要做的就是划出自己支持的那个人。这就叫做投票。
  在许多州,选民是可以通过邮件参加投票的。他们无需前往投票室,选票会邮寄到他们家。他们需要填写好在指定日之前寄往指定地点就可以记入选举了。这样在其他国家的美国公民也能参加投票了。
  美国的选举跟其他国家有所不同,选民拥有自主权,投不投都可以。许多人放弃投票,也从来没有填写过选民投票登记卡。在2004年的总统选举中,只有60%的有效票,也就是只有60%的人投了票。许多组织都呼吁选民参与到竞选投票中来,因为他们相信越多人参与投票就表示政府越强大。
Explanation:   
  In the United States, the president has to be re-elected every four years. The elections take place (or are held) every four years in November. Every U.S. citizen who is at least 18 years old can vote for president (or say who he or she would like to become president).  
 
  U.S. citizens have to register (or sign up) to be able to vote. They need to fill out a voter registration card (or form) with their name and address. With just one voter registration card, you can register to vote in national, state, and local elections.  
 
  On election day, registered voters can go to the voting booth that they have been assigned to (or asked to go to). At the voting booth, they get a ballot, or a piece of paper with the names of people who are running for office (or trying to get a public position).  On this ballot, they indicate (or show) which person they would like to vote for. Doing this is known as casting a ballot. 
 
  In many states, voters are allowed to vote by mail. They don’t need to go to a voting booth. Instead, a ballot is mailed to their home. They need to fill it out and mail it to the correct address by (or before) a certain date to have their vote counted (or included) in the election. U.S. citizens who are living in other countries can also vote by mail. 
 

  Unlike in some other countries, voting is optional in the United States, meaning that people can choose to do it, but they don’t have to. Many people choose not to vote and never fill out a voter registration card. In the 2004 presidential elections, only 60% of eligible voters voted, meaning that 60% of all the people who could vote did. Many organizations try to get more people to register to vote and participate in the elections, because they believe that our government would be stronger if more people voted. 


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