2014.03.12【英译中】美国的最高法律是什么?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-12 20:37 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
1. What is the supreme law of the land?
Answer:
The Constitution
1美国的最高法律是什么?《宪法》
    回到200多年前的1787年,美国并不是今天这个样子的。那时候美国有13个州,刚从大英帝国独立,政府基底还很薄弱。他们希望能以这种状态运行几年,却遇到了很多麻烦。最终,这13个州决定联合起来形成一个国家,共同制定出一份能让国家更加繁荣和团结的文件来。这份文件被称之为宪法。
    "宪法"这个词来自于"连结"这个动词,意思是把所有东西连结起来。宪法把13个州连结成一个新的国家。自那时起,宪法就成了美国的最高法律。每个美国公民都必须遵守宪法。我们用宪法来判定这件事情是否合法,这就是为什么称它为国家的最高法律。
   《宪法》诞生于1787年夏天在宾夕法尼亚费城举办的宪法大会上。那是一个漫长的夏天,55个代表共聚于此来制定这一系列的法律。每个人对于新政府都有不同的见解,这点不足为奇,因为这些代表都有着不同的经历背景,律师、教师、医生、军人等等。但他们有一些共通点:他们都是白皮肤的男人(当时女人和非白人都不被允许参加宪法大会)、他们富有、有自己的土地。  大会主席就是著名将领、后来成为美国第一任总统的乔治华盛顿。
    参会代表就组成新政府的一系列法律争论了好几周,最终达成了一致。这些法律文件就是《宪法》。


Explanation:
    Back in 1787, more than 200 years ago, the United States of America didn’t exist the way it does today. There were just 13 states, and after they gained independence from Great Britain, they had a very weak government. They struggled to survive (or continue to exist) for several years with this weak government, but they had many problems. So the 13 states decided to work together and write a new document (or written record) to make the country stronger and more unified (or as one group), so they could work better together as one nation. They called this new document the Constitution.
    The word “Constitution” comes from the verb to constitute, meaning to put things together. The Constitution joined (or put together) the 13 states into a new country. Since that time, the Constitution has been the supreme (or highest) law in the United States. Everyone who lives in the United States must obey (or follow) the Constitution. If there is a disagreement over whether something is legal (agrees with the law) or illegal (against the law), we use the Constitution to help us to resolve (or decide) the issue. That’s why it is the highest and most important legal document in the country.
    The Constitution was written during the summer of 1787 at a meeting called the Constitutional Convention in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was a long, hot summer that year when the 55 delegates (or representatives) met to write this new set of laws. Everyone had a different opinion (or thought or belief) about how the new government should be organized. This is not surprising, since the delegates had many different experiences and backgrounds. They were lawyers, teachers, doctors, and military men, and more. The delegates also had some things in common: they were all white men (no women or non-whites were allowed to participate in the Constitutional Convention), and they were all wealthy (or had a lot of money) and owned land. The president (or leader) of the Convention was the famous military general, George Washington, who later became the first president of the United States.

    The delegates discussed and argued for many weeks, but they finally agreed on a set of laws that would form (or create) their new government. The document they produced (or made) is what we call the Constitution.


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