2014.03.14【英译中】029 1974年的美国副总统是谁?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-14 20:26 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States in 1974? 
Answer: 
Gerald Ford 
29. 1974年的美国副总统是谁?
杰拉尔德·鲁道夫·福特
  当美国总统在政府中担任要职时,副总统并没有表面上那么光彩。根据美国《宪法》,副总统的职能只有两项:第一,当总统无法履行职责时替代他;第二,副总统任参议院议长,但除赞成票与反对票相等时,无表决权。除此之外,总统还会给他些其他的任务。
  通常,副总统是和总统一起在总统竞选中选出的。但有件事情很有意思,美国历史上曾经有两个人没有参加选举就当上了副总统,有一个后来还成了总统。
  这是怎么回事?1968年,理查德·尼克松是当时的总统,副总统是斯皮罗·阿格纽。然而,在他们当权的这段时间爆出了一系列丑闻。丑闻就是一位名人品行不正而引起众怒的事情。由于这些丑闻,斯皮罗·阿格纽1973年引咎辞职,杰拉尔德·福特接任。他不是通过选举,而是被总统和参议院直接任命的。
  一年之后,也就是1974年,丑闻恶化,尼克松下台,杰拉尔德·福特又顺理成章地接任了总统。但他根本没参加过选举!他是美国历史上第一个也是唯一一个没经过选民投票就职的总统。
  杰拉尔德·福特成为总统后副总统的位置就空缺了,他就任命纳尔逊·洛克菲勒为新的副总统。他是美国历史上第二个也是最后一个没经过选民投票就职的副总统。
  
Explanation: 
  While the president of the United States has an exciting and important job running the country, the vice president does not have as big a role (or job) in the U.S.government. According to the U.S. Constitution, the vice president does only two things. First, if the president is unable to continue working as president, the vice president becomes the new president. Second, the vice president is the president of the Senate (or law making part of government) and can vote to break ties(or decide which side wins when each side has an equal number of votes). In addition to these two main jobs, the vice president has some other duties (or responsibilities) that the president can give to him or her. 
  Normally the vice president is elected (or chosen by the people) with the president during the normal presidential elections. But this is something interesting: Two men have been vice presidents without ever being elected-and one of them evenbecame president without ever being elected! 
  How did this happen? In 1968, Richard Nixon was elected president of the United States and Spiro Agnew was elected his vice president. However, there were many scandals during their administration (or the period of time he was president of the United States). A scandal is something that happens where a famous person behaves badly and people become very angry about it. Because of these scandals,Spiro Agnew resigned (or decided to stop working) as vice president in 1973. When that happened, Gerald Ford was nominated to become the new vice president, meaning that President Richard Nixon wanted Gerald Ford to be his new vice president and the Senate approved the nomination (or said it was okay). He was not elected, but given the job by the president and the Senate. 
  Just one year later, in 1974, the scandals had become worse and President Richard Nixon resigned. When that happened, Vice President Gerald Ford became the new president. But he had never been elected by the voters! This was the first and only time that the United States had a president who was not elected by the voters. 
  And, after Gerald Ford became president, the vice presidency was vacant (or empty), so he nominated Nelson Rockefeller to become the new vice president. This was the second and last time that the United States had a vice president who wasn't elected by the voters. 

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