【2014.3.15】 【英译中】摘自六级题

发表于:2014-03-15 11:48 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

摘自六级题

The ethical judgments of the Supreme Court justices have become an important issue recently.The court cannot maintain its legitimacy as guardian of the rule of law when justices behave like politicians.Yet,in several instances,justices acted in ways that weakened the court’s reputation for being independent and impartial.

最近,最高法院法官对伦理道德的判断已经成为了一个非常重要的问题。当法官的表现像政治家时,法院作为法律规则的监督者却不能维持它的公平性。并且在一些实例中,法官像政客的行为削弱了法院独立与公平的声誉。

Justice Antonin Scalia,for example,appeared at political events.That kind of activity makes it less likely that the court’s decisions will be accepted as impartial judgments.Part of the problem is that the justices are not bound by an ethics code.At the very least,the court should make itself subject to the code of conduct that applies to the rest of the federal judiciary.

例如,法官安东里出现在了政治场合中。这种活动使得法院的决定不会被作为公平的判断而被接受。问题的一部分就在于法官不受道德规范。至少,法院应该遵守适用于所剩下的联邦司法系统的行为准则。

This and other similar cases raise the question of whether there is still a line between the court and politics.

这些与其它相似的案例引发了一个问题:在法院与政治之间是否有一条界线。

The framers of the Constitution envisioned law as having authority apart from politics.They gave justices permanent positions so they would be free to upset those in power and have no need to cultivate political support.Our legal system was designed to set law apart from politics precisely because they are so closely tied.

宪法的制定者认为法律是有别于政治的法律。他们给了法官不可动摇的地位以至于这些法官利用他们的地位当权并且不需要培养政治力量。立法系统的目的在于明确地将法律与政治分开,毕竟它们是如此的紧密连接。

Constitutional law is political because it results from choices rooted in fundamental social conventions like liberty and property.When the court deals with social policy decisions,the law it shapes is inescapably political—which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily dismissed as unjust.

宪法是具有政治属性的,因为它的结果选择是扎根于像自由与财产等的基本社会规定。当法院处理社会政治决定时,它所指定的法律不可避免的具有政治属性,那也是为什么决定思想路线的分离那么容易被误解为不公平。

The justices must address doubts about the court’s legitimacy by making themselves accountable to the code of conduct.That would make their rulings more likely to be seen as separate from politics and,as a result,convincing as law.

法官通过对自身行为准则的约束对法院的公平性提出质疑,那样他们的法规看起来与政治隔得更开,也因此被认为是法律。

最近在选修《国家公务员法》,对这片文章多少有些感慨。。。。。权利、政治。。。似乎永远分不开。。。。。原谅我罗嗦了。。。。。

希望大家多多指教@Medical20 @桃子Lynn @ydyinglluk

最后编辑于:2014-03-15 11:49
分类: 英语
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