2014.03.16【英译中】How Should One Read A Book?

发表于:2014-03-16 10:31 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

It is simple enough to say that since books have classes — fiction, biography, poetry — we should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconceptions when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author: try to become him. Be his fellow-worker and accomplice. If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible , then signs and hints of almost imperceptible fineness, from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this , and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite.  

既然书有小说、传记、诗歌之分,我们就应该对它们加以区别,取其精华,这说起来很简单。然而很少有人能接受书籍给予我们的东西。大多数情况下我们读书总是想法模糊而又不专一,我们要求小说应该是真实的,诗歌应该是虚浮的,传记应该是谄媚的,历史应该是加深我们的偏见的。如果我们能够抛弃这些先入为主的观念,那么当我们阅读时就会有一个极好的开端。不要指挥作者,试着变成作者。做他的伙伴和同谋。如果一开始你就畏缩不前、吹毛求疵,你就是在妨碍自己而不容易从书中获得最多的益处。但是如果你尽可能的开阔思路,从第一个句子开始就会有一些暗示,你将会发现每一个人物形象都是特别的。通过这些去熟悉它,很快你就会发现作者正在展示给你或试图给予你更明确的东西。


分类: 英语
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