20140318【英译中】【信息权、报酬权、强制权】

发表于:2014-03-18 12:49 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

信息权、报酬权、强制权

Information power:

While the difference between expert power and information power is subtle, people with this type of power are well informed, up-to-date and also have the ability to persuade others. Another difference would be that people with expert power are perceived by his/her image of expertise to show credibility (i.e. a qualified doctor in a doctor uniform), while one with information power does not have a strict need to ‘look the part of a professional’, but they must keep up to date with new research, and have confidence in debating, or are persuasive.

信息权:

虽然专长权和信息权之间的区别很小,人们有了这种权力会拥有最新的、灵通的消息,同时也有能力去说服别人。这两项权力之间的另外一种不同在于有了专长权,人们可以通过一个人的形象所展现的专业技能的确定性来感知(比如:一个认证医生穿着医生的制服),然而一个有着信息权的人,没有严格的需求去看这个专业的部分,但是他们必须拥有最新的调查信息、与人辩论或说服别人中的自信。

Reward power:

Reward power depends upon the ability of the power wielder to confer valued material rewards; it refers to the degree to which the individual can give others a reward of some kind such as benefits, time off, desired gifts, promotions or increases in pay or responsibility. This power is obvious but also ineffective if abused. People who abuse reward power can become pushy or be reprimanded for being too forthcoming or ‘moving things too quickly’.

报酬权:

报酬权取决于一种权力的能力去授予有价值的物质奖励;它涉及到一个人可以给别人不同形式的奖励(比如分红、休假、期望的礼物、升职、增加工资或者职责)的程度。这种权力很明显,但是如果滥用也是无效的。滥用报酬权的人可能变得有进取心,也有可能因为太冒进而受到谴责。

Coercive power:

Coercive power means the application of negative influences onto employees. It might refer to the ability to demote or to withhold other rewards. It’s the desire for valued rewards or the fear of having them withheld that ensures the obedience of those under power. Coercive power tends to be the most obvious but least effective form of power as it builds resentment and resistance within the targets of coercive power.

强制权:

强制权意味着运用消极影响在雇员身上。它可能涉及到降级或者保留奖励的能力。这是一种对有价值奖励的渴望或者是对一种保留奖励的恐惧来确保那些在你权力以下的人的服从。强制权非常显而易见,但却是最不明显的一种权力,因为它会带来受到强制权的人们的怨恨和抵抗。

分类: 英语

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团