2014.03.18【英译中】WHAT IS LAW

发表于:2014-03-18 16:01 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

WHAT IS LAW

 There have been and will continue to be different definitions of law.Aristotle saw law as a rule of conduct.Plato believed that law was a form of social control.Cicero contended that law was the greement of reason and nature, the distinction between the just and the unjust.The British jurist Sir William Blackstone descried law as “a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state,commanding what is right, and prohibiting what is wrong.” In America, the eminent jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.1 , contended that law was a set of rules that allowed one to predict how a court would resolve a particular dispute:“the prophecies of what the courts will do in fact, and nothing more pretentious, are what I mean by law.”

什么是法律

    对什么是法律存在并仍将继续存在不同的定义。亚里士多德把法律当作行为的准则。柏拉图认为法律是社会控制的一种形式。Cicero认为法律是理性和天性的达成的协议,公正和不公正的分界。英国法学学者威廉.布莱克史通先生把法律描述为“由一个国家最高权力定义的民事行为准则,规定正确行为,禁止错误行为。”在美国,杰出的法学学者Oliver Wendell Holmes,认为法律是让人们预见法庭怎样解决特定争议的一系列规则:“预见法庭事实上将怎样做,而没有潜在的东西,这是我认为法律的用途。”
分类: 英语
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