20130319【英译中】【掌权者的文化】

发表于:2014-03-19 12:17 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

掌权者的文化

The idea of unmarked categories originated in feminism.

这一理念是来自于女权主义的没被注意的分类。

The theory analyzes the culture of the powerful.

这个理论分析了权力的文化。

The powerful comprise those people in society with easy access to resources, those who can exercise power without considering their actions. For the powerful, their culture seems obvious; for the powerless, on the other hand, it remains out of reach, elite and expensive.

这一权力体由社会上那些容易获得资源的人组成,这些人可以操作权力而不用考虑别人的举动。对于这些掌权者来说,他们的文化是显而易见的;另一方面,对于那些没有权力的人来说,任然离成功、精英、财富很远。

The unmarked category can form the identifying mark of the powerful.

这一不被注意的分类可以组成权力的标志。

The unmarked category becomes the standard against which to measure everything else.

这一不被注意的分类变成了标准,可以对抗一切。

For most western readers, it is posited that if a protagonist’ s race is not indicated, it will be assumed by the reader that the protagonist is Caucasian; if a sexual identity is not indicated, it will be assumed by the reader that the protagonist is heterosexual; if the gender of a body is not indicated, it will be assumed by the reader that it is male; if a disability is not indicated, it will be assumed by the reader that the protagonist is able bodied, just as a set of examples.

对于很多西方读者来说,假定一个掌权者的人种没有被指出,那么读者可以假设这个掌权者是高加索人种;如果掌权者的性取向没有被指出,那么读者会假设他是异性恋;如果掌权者的性别没有被指出,那么读者会假设他是男人;如果掌权者的残疾没有被指出,那么读者会假设他是一个健全的人,类似与这样的例子。

One can often overlook unmarked categories.

人们常常忽略没有被注意的分类。

Whiteness forms an unmarked category not commonly visible to the powerful, as they often fall within this category.

白种人组成了一个没有被注意的分类,对于掌权者来说通常不明显,因为他们通常属于这个分类。

The unmarked category becomes the norm, with the other categories relegated to deviant status.

这个不明显的分类变成了规范,和其他分类归入了不正常地位。

Social groups can apply this view of power to race, gender, and disability without modification: the able body is the neutral body; the man is the normal status.

社会团体可以不许修改的应用这个权力的观点在人种、性别和残疾上:健全的身体是中立的身体;这个人享有正常地位。

分类: 英语

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