2014.3.19【英译中】【 对于智力的研究】

发表于:2014-03-19 13:44 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

其实摘自六级题。。。

Research on animal intelligence always makes us wonder just how smart humans are.Consider the fruit-fly experiments described on Tuesday by Carl Zimmer in the Science Times.Fruit flies who were taught to be smarter than the average fruit fly tend to live shorter lives.This suggests that dimmer bulbs burn longer,that there is an advantage in not being too bright.

对动物智力的研究总是令我们好奇:人类有多么聪明。星期二,CZ在《科学时报》上讲述了果蝇实验。这种果蝇被认为比普通的果蝇更聪明,但寿命也更短。这表明了,灯泡的光线越暗其寿命越长,也说明了不太聪明也算是一种优势。

Intelligence,it turns out,is a high-priced option.It takes more upkeep,burns more fuel and is slow off the starting line because it depends on learning—a gradual process—instead of instinct.Plenty of other species are able to learn,and one of the things they’ve apparently learned is when to stop.

事实证明,智力是一个高价的选择。它需要更多的保养,燃烧更多的能源,而且减慢了起跑线,因为它是一个循序渐进的过程,而不是一种本能。大量其他的物种会学习,很明显他们已学会的其中一件是知道什么时候停下来。

Is there an adaptive value to limited intelligence?That’s the question behind this new research.Instead of casting a wistful glance backward at all the species we’ve left in the dust IQ-wise,it implicitly asks what the real costs of our own intelligence might be.This is on the mind of every animal we’ve ever met.

对于有限的智力,有适应价值吗?那就是这次新的研究的问题。这个问题并不是对我们所留下的已测过IQ的物种的很沉思的回顾,而是在含蓄地询问我们,我们智力的真正价值是什么。这就考虑到我们曾遇到的每一种动物。

Research on animal intelligence also makes us wonder what experiments animals would perform on humans if they had the chance.Every cat with an owner,for instance,is running a small-scale study in operant conditioning.We believe that if animals ran the labs,they would test us to determine the limits of our patience,our faithfulness,our memory for locations.They would try to decide what intelligence in humans is really for,not merely how much of it there is.Above all,they would hope to study a fundamental question:Are humans actually aware of the world they live in?So far the results are inconclusive.

关于动物智力的研究也是我们很好奇:如果动物有这个机会,它们会在人类身上进行什么实验。例如,每只猫都有一个主人,这样它们就在进行一个小规模的操作性的条件反射的研究。我们觉得如果动物跑出实验室,它们会测试来判定我们耐力与信念的极限,对范围的记忆力。它们会试着判定不仅仅是人类智力的多少,还有人类智力的用途。更重要的是,它们希望能研究一个基础问题:人类是否了解他们所生活的世界。到目前为止,还没有的出任何结论。

希望大家多多指教。。。@ydyinglluk @cherryvenus @Medical20 @xuejv813


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