2014.3.19【英译中】030 如果美国总统无法履行职责时,谁将代替他?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-19 15:26 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
Answer:
The Vice President
30. 如果美国总统无法履行职责时,谁将代替他?
副总统

  “总统被射杀了!”类似的事情在美国历史上不断上演。做美国总统是一项高危工种。许多总统不是被暗杀就是过劳死。这就是我们要事先制定计划,一旦总统死了,谁将继任,成为下一任总统,答案是:副总统。
  目前为止,已有9位副总统因总统不无法履行职责而继任。第一次发生在1840年,威廉·亨利·哈里森总统死亡,副总统约翰·泰勒宣誓就职,承诺将尽全力来当好下一任总统。由于继任程序非常清晰,所以这次权利交接很顺利,人们接受像接受哈里森为总统一样接受泰勒总统。
  不是只有总统死了,副总统才能继任的。举例,如果总统被弹劾,副总统顺理成章成为总统。当年理查德·尼克松总统辞职时,副总统杰拉尔德·福特宣誓就职成为新总统。
  《宪法》中对继任有一系列的规定,如果现在的总统死了,谁有继任权。举例,如果副总统当上总统后死了,继任权就到了众议院议长那里。如果他也死了,那么就是参议院临时议长继任,以此类推。
Explanation:
 “The President has been shot!” This phrase, or something similar, has been said many times in U.S. history. Being president is a risky job (or a job with many dangers). Many presidents are assassinated (or killed) or simply die while they are in office (or working as president). That’s why we have to have a plan for who will be the next president if the current president dies. When the president can no longer serve (or work), the vice president becomes the next president.
  To date (or until now), nine vice presidents have become president when the president could no longer serve. The first time this happened was in 1841, when President William Henry Harrison died. The vice president, John Tyler, had a swearing-in ceremony and took the presidential oath of office, or made a statement promising to do his best while serving as the next president of the United States. Because the order of succession (or the plan for who will become the next president) was clear, there were no problems. There was a very easy transition of power (or change from one president to another) and everyone treated President Tyler as a regular president, just as they would have treated President Harrison if he had not died in office.
  The president doesn’t necessarily have to die for the vice president to become president through succession. For example, if the president is impeached (or if the presidency is taken away from him or her because he or she has done something wrong), the vice president will become president. Also, if the president resigns, or decides to stop being president, the vice president will become the new president. This happened when President Richard Nixon resigned and his vice president Gerald Ford was sworn in as the new president.

  The Constitution has a long line of succession, or a plan for who will become the next president if the current president dies. For example, if the vice president becomes president but then dies, the next president will be who ever is the Speaker of the House of Representatives. If that person dies, then the next president will be the President Pro Temp of the Senate, and so on.

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最后编辑于:2014-03-22 00:06
分类: 英语

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