2014.3.21【英译中】032 谁是三军统帅?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-21 11:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
Answer:
The President
32. 谁是三军统帅?

总统


  美国现有1500万人服兵役,这些士兵有组织地接受训练来保家卫国。那么最高指挥官是谁?美国总统,也称为三军统帅,或者军队总司令。
  美国军队有时也被称为武装部队。它分为五个部分:陆军、海军、海军陆战队、空军及海岸警卫队。陆军在陆地作战,海军和海军陆战队使用舰艇作战,而空军则使用飞机在空中作战。最后一个,海岸警卫队是专门用来保卫美国海岸线的,就是陆地与海岸的交界线。这五个军种共同保卫着美国,但是他们需要一个强有力的领导者来协作发挥其最大的功效。
  美军的军事指挥权是在各军种参谋长手上,但是美国总统是美国军队的最高统帅,可以直接决定打谁,甚至可以御驾亲征。然而,很少有总统这么做,因为他们清楚各军种参谋长在带军队打仗方面比他们有经验的多。美国历史上只有2位总统御驾亲征过,乔治·华盛顿和詹姆斯·麦迪逊。
  有人认为美国总统拥有多大的军事权力,特别是在近年来的反恐战争上,很多人都希望能限制总统在这方面的权力。
Explanation:
  About 1.5 million Americans are on active duty (or working) in the military, which is the organizations and people who fight to protect a country. Who is the leader of all these organizations and people? It is the president of the United States, who is also known as the Commander-in-Chief, or the top leader of the military.
  The U.S. military is sometimes called the U.S. Armed Forces. It has five main parts: the Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard. The Army mostly fights on land while the Navy and the Marines fight with boats and the Air Force fights mostly with planes. Finally, the Coast Guard is more involved in protecting America’s coastline, which is the part of land next to the ocean. These five parts work together to protect the United States, but they need strong leaders to be able to work together effectively or well.
  Each of the five parts of the U.S. Armed Forces has many commanders and other leaders, but the president as Commander-in-Chief outranks (or has more power than) any of them. As Commander-in-Chief, the president can tell the Armed Forces where to go and when. The president can even lead the Armed Forces on the battlefield, or where the fighting actually takes place. However, presidents rarely do that because they know that the leaders of the Armed Forces have more military experience and knowledge than they do. In fact, only two presidents have ever used their power as Commander-in-Chief to actually lead soldiers (or the people who fight in a war) onto the battlefield. These were presidents George Washington and James Madison.

  Some people think that the Commander-in-Chief has too much power to make and fight wars. Especially with America’s recent war on terror (or fear caused by another group of people through violence), many people would like to limit the types of things that the president can do when fighting against terrorists.

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