2014.03.25【英译汉】 How to Avoid a Naval War With China

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发表于:2014-03-25 13:44 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

原文:How to Avoid a Naval War With China

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How to Avoid a Naval War With China

In the contested waters of Asia, it's difficult to understand Beijing's intentions.

BY William J. Parker III , Micah Zenko


War between the United States and China is not preordained. But tensions are high, especially in the fiercely contested waters of the East and South China seas -- and even further into the Pacific. Communication is the best medicine: the United States should be explicit with what it needs to know about China's behavior in the waters near its coast. Unfortunately, the intentions and supporting doctrine for Beijing's growing naval capabilities are unclear, specifically regarding disputes with China's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

Most countries, including the United States, agree that territorial waters extend 12 nautical miles from a nation's coastline, while EEZs extend much further -- usually up to 200 nautical miles. There is also consensus that while the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) established EEZs as a feature of international law and gives coastal states the right to regulate economic activities within them, it does not provide coastal states the right to regulate foreign military activities in their EEZs beyond their 12-nautical-mile territorial waters. However, China and some other countries like North Korea interpret UNCLOS as giving coastal states the right to regulate all economic and foreign military activities within their EEZs.

如何避免与中国海战 (Part I)

难以理解北京对亚洲争议海域的意图

美中战争并非注定。但局势十分紧张,尤其是在中国东海和南海的强烈争议水域 - 甚至进一步推进到太平洋水域。沟通是一剂良药:美国应明确了解中国在其近海水域的行为。不幸的是,对北京不断增长的海军军力,其意图和支持原则全部不明确,特别是关于中国的专属经济区( EEZ )的争议。

包括美国在内的大多数国家,都认为从一个国家的领海是从海岸线向海面延伸12海里,而专属经济区则在此基础上大幅延长 - 通常可达200海里。世界共识是联合国公约海洋法(UNCLOS)设立了专属经济区,作为国际法的特征之一,并赋予沿海国在专属经济区中调节经济活动的权利,但没有赋予沿海国管理外交军事活动的权利(外交军事活动在沿海国12海里领海以外、专属经济区以内)不过,中国和其他一些国家,如朝鲜,对联合国海洋法公约的解释是:它赋予沿海国来规范自己的专属经济区内的所有经济和外交军事活动的权利。

(翻译全文戳此处)PW:112233

最后编辑于:2014-03-25 14:31
分类: 英语
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