20140326【英译中】【惩罚的公正性不唯一】

发表于:2014-03-26 12:53 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Again, when the legitimacy of inflicting punishment is admitted, how many conflicting conceptions of justice come to light in discussing the proper apportionment of punishments to offences.

同样,当给予惩罚的合法性是公认的时,有多少司法的冲突概念暴露在适当的分摊犯罪的处罚的讨论下。

No rule on the subject recommends itself so strongly to the primitive and spontaneous sentiment of justice, as the bex talionis, an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.

(没有规定在推荐自身特别强的)对于司法原始的、自发的情感,像 the bex talionis, 以眼还眼,以牙还牙。

Though this principle of the Jewish and of the Mahometan law has been generally abandoned in Europe as a practical maxim, there is in most minds, a secret hankering after it; and when retribution accidentally falls on an offender in that precise shape, the general feeling of satisfaction evinced bears witness how natural is the sentiment to which this repayment in kind is acceptable.

尽管犹太教和伊斯兰教的法律原则作为实用的法则在欧洲慢慢的被抛弃,但是在很多方面被作为这之后的一个秘密的渴望;同时当偶然的报应降临在一个最烦身上,以一种明确的形式,通常满意的感觉表示容忍目击者,这种偿还是可以接受的感觉是天生的。

With many, the test of justice in penal infliction is that the punishment should be proportioned to the offence, meaning that is should be exactly measured by the moral guilt of the culprit (whatever be their standard for measuring moral guile), the consideration, what amount of punishment is necessary to deter from the offence, having nothing to do with the question of justice, in their estimation, while there are others to whom that consideration is all in all and who maintain that it is not just, as least for man, to inflict on a fellow creature, whatever maybe his offences, any amount of suffering beyond the least that will suffice to prevent him from repeating, and others from imitating his misconduct.

司法的测试在刑事处罚上表现为惩罚应该对于罪犯来说是合适的,意味着应该有准确的方式通过道德犯罪的犯人(不管是否是他们的标准来衡量道德犯罪),原因是惩罚的程度对于阻止犯罪来说是必要的,在他们的判断中,这和司法问题没有什么关系,然而其他人的原因是总体的维持,最少对于人来说,不仅仅是公正,而是对于其他从犯来说,不管他的罪名是什么,不管承受的是什么最少能够阻止其他人重复或者模仿他的不当行为。






PS. 标注黄色的地方是特别理不清楚的地方,求各位大神学霸们好心解答!感激!





最后编辑于:2014-03-26 12:55
分类: 英语

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