2014.3.27【英译中】035 总统内阁是做什么的?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-27 14:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?
Answer:
Advises the President
35. 总统内阁是做什么的?
辅助总统


  要当好美国总统不是一件容易的事情,开国者们知道光靠一个人是不行的。这就是为什么总统需要内阁,这些人在重要事情上给总统提供建议,辅助总统。总统在做决策的时候可以参考他们的建议。因此,美国内阁在政府中的地位是举足轻重的,因为他们能影响总统的决定。
  第一人总统乔治·华盛顿时代的内阁非常小,只有四个人。自那以后,内阁开始扩展,现已有15人。人们称他们为部长,例如,能源部长、农业部长,2006年新加了一位国土安全部长,他的职责就是保卫国土安全。内阁的规模在《宪法》中并没有明确规定,因此国会可以根据需要增减内阁成员。
  内阁成员都是受任命的。也就是说,先有总统提名,然后由参议院裁定是否通过。几乎人人可以成为内阁成员,唯一的限制就是内阁成员不可以同时兼任参议员、众议员或政府官员。
  内阁成员被列入总统继任名单。根据他们的地位,继任顺序是总统、副总统、众议院议长、参议员临时议长、国务卿及各内阁成员。
Explanation:
  Being the president of the United States is a big job and our Founding Fathers (or the people who created the U.S. government) knew that one person couldn’t do everything alone. That’s why the president has the U.S. Cabinet, usually just called the Cabinet. The Cabinet is a group of people who advise (or give advice, information, and ideas) to the president on many important issues. The president can use their advice to make decisions while leading the country. Because of this, Cabinet members have very important and powerful roles (or jobs) in U.S. government since they can influence the president’s decisions.
  Under our first president, George Washington, the Cabinet was very small and it had only four members. Since then, the Cabinet has grown a lot. Today the Cabinet has 15 people, who are referred to as secretaries, such as the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Agriculture. The most recent addition to the Cabinet in 2006 is the Secretary of Homeland Security, whose job it is to keep Americans safe. The Constitution (or the country’s most important legal document) does not say how large the Cabinet should be, so Congress can add or remove members as the country’s needs change.
  Cabinet members are appointed to their positions. This means that they are first nominated by the president (or the president gives the members’ name to Congress) and then they must be confirmed (or approved) or rejected by the Senate. Almost anyone can become a Cabinet member. The only restriction or limitation is that Cabinet members are not allowed to be Senators, Representatives, or governors simultaneously (or at the same time) while they are serving (or working) in the Cabinet.

  The Cabinet members are in the line of succession (or the plan for who will become president if something happens to him or her). After the president come the vice-president, the speaker of the House, and the president of the Senate, and then the secretary of state and other members of the Cabinet, in the order of their ranking (or importance).


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