2014.3.27【英译中】006 第一条《宪法修正案》规定了哪些权力和自由?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-27 14:46 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*
Answer:
· Speech
· Religion
· Assembly
· Press
· Petition the government
第一条《宪法修正案》规定了哪些权力和自由?
言论自由
宗教自由
集会自由
新闻自由
对政府的请愿自由


    每一个美国公民都有自由谈论自己喜欢的话题,有自己的信仰,向政府要求自己的权力。这些权力都写入了第一条《宪法修正案》中。这条修正案保证了美国公民的言论自由、宗教自由、集会自由、还有向政府请愿的自由,我们一起来看看。
   言论自由指的是每一个美国公民都可以谈论他们想要谈的人和事。譬如他们恨总统、某些法律不公平。当然,总有些限制,譬如人们不能谈论暗杀美国总统的事情。
   宗教自由是第一条修正案中最重要的权力之一。第一批欧洲人之所以来美国是因为他们由于宗教信仰问题而受到迫害。这条修正案规定每一个公民都可以选择自己的信仰,或做个无信仰主义者。它保护了美国人的宗教活动。
   集会自由指的是每一个公民都可以加入任何社会团体、政党、俱乐部或任何组织。你无需通过政府许可就可以加入任何组织或集会。
   新闻自由是美国另一项非常重要的权力。新闻指的就是新闻媒体,报纸、电视台、电台和网站。这些媒体可以发表任何想法,不管他们支持还是反对政府或针对某个特定的人。
   最后一条权力就是请愿权。一旦政府做了伤害你的事情,你有权抱怨,并且要求政府改正或赔偿,为此申冤。


Explanation:
    Americans have a lot of freedom to say what they want, to believe what they want, and to get the government to do what they want. These and other rights (or freedoms) are found in the First Amendment to the Constitution. The First Amendment guarantees (or protects) freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, and the right to petition the government. Let’s talk about each one of these.
    Freedom of speech means that American citizens are allowed  to say whatever they want to about ideas or people. They can say, for example, that they hate the President, or that they think that some laws are unfair. There are, however, some limitations, or things that are not allowed, and that the law does not protect. For example, people can’t talk about assassinating (or killing) the President of the United States.
    Freedom of religion is one of the most important freedoms in the First Amendment. The first Europeans came to North America because they were being persecuted (or attacked as a group) in England because of their religious beliefs. The First Amendment says that Americans can follow any religion, or no religion at all. It protects Americans in their religious practices (or actions related to religion).
    Freedom of assembly gives Americans the right to join (or become a member of) any group, political party, club, or organization. You do not need the government’s permission (or approval) to join an organization or to meet as a group.
    Freedom of the press is another very important freedom in the United States. “The press” means news organizations, such as newspapers, television stations, radio stations, and websites. These news sources are allowed to say or write whatever they want to, whether it is in support of or against the government or any specific person.

    Finally, the right to petition the government means that if the government does something that hurts you, you can complain and try to force the government to fix the problem or give you something in return for the grievance (or the thing that was wrong).


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