2014.3.28【英译中】036 任举几个内阁部长职位?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-28 19:21 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?  
Answer:   
•  Secretary of Agriculture  
•  Secretary of Commerce  
•  Secretary of Defense  
•  Secretary of Education  
•  Secretary of Energy  
•  Secretary of Health and Human Services  
•  Secretary of Homeland Security  
•  Secretary of Housing and Urban Development  
•  Secretary of Interior  
•  Secretary of State  
•  Secretary of Transportation  
•  Secretary of Treasury  
•  Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs  
•  Secretary of Labor  
•  Attorney General 
36. 任举几个内阁部长职位?
农业部长
商务部长
国防部长
教育部长
能源部长
卫生与公共服务部长
国土安全部长
住房与城市发展部长
内政部长
国务卿
运输部长
财政部长
退伍军人事务部长
劳工部长
司法部长


  随着时间的推移,美国内阁队伍扩充地很快。在我们第一任华盛顿总统时期就只有四个内阁成员:国务卿、财政部长、战争部长、司法部长。如今,内阁成员已扩充至15名。然而,这15个人的地位不是等重的,有几位特别重要。
  最重要的四位内阁成员和当年华盛顿时期是一样的,只是称谓稍有变化。这四位成员被称为“四大部长”,国务卿、财政部长、国防部长、司法部长。
  国务卿是负责对外事务的,进行外事谈判并给各驻外大使下达命令。
  财政部长就是跟财务、经济和钱打交道的。他或她为了使美国经济更强大而向总统提出建议,其签名将被印在每张美元大钞上。
  国防部长,也就是以前的战争部长,是管理军队的。
  最后一位成员就是司法部长,被认为是美国政府的首席法律顾问,职责是对美国法务部门进行监督,代表联邦政府(向联邦最高法院提出诉讼及犯罪指控、)处理有关和联邦政府的法律事务。他也是是内阁中唯一不使用部长作最高行政长官名称的。
Explanation:   
  The U.S. Cabinet (or the group of people who advise the president, giving him or her ideas, advice, and information) has grown a lot over time. Under our first president, George Washington, the Cabinet had only four members: the Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of War, and Attorney General. Today, the Cabinet has 15 members. However, not all 15 are equally important. Some have much more power than others. 
 
  The four most important Cabinet members are the same ones that George Washington had, although their titles (or the names of their jobs) have changed a little bit. These four most important members are known as the “Big Four” and are the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, and the Attorney General. 
 
  The Secretary of State is responsible for foreign affairs (or relationships between the United States and other countries). The Secretary of State negotiates (or discusses) international agreements and gives instructions to U.S. ambassadors (or official representatives of the United States in other countries). 
 
  The Secretary of the Treasury mostly works with finance, economics, and money. He or she recommends what the president should do to keep the U.S. economy strong. The Secretary’s signature is on all of the United States’ monetary bills (or paper money). 
 
  The Secretary of Defense, who used to be known as the Secretary of War, works with the military (or the people and organizations who fight to protect the United States). 
 

  Finally, the last member of the Big Four, the Attorney General, serves as the United States’ most important lawyer, making sure that laws are enforced (or applied). When the United States needs to be represented in-person in court, the Attorney General is responsible for stating the government’s position. The Attorney General is the only member of the U.S. Cabinet who does not have the title of “secretary.” 


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