2014.03.28 【英译中】The Difference between a Brain and a Computer

如雪肃杀 (invisibler) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-28 21:32 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

It is frequently said that computers solve problems only because they are "programmed"to do so. They can only do what men have them do. One must remember that human beings also can only do what they are "programmed" to do. Our genes "program" us the instant the fertilized ovum is formed, and our potentialities are limited by that "program".

人们常说,电脑能解决问题是因为人们给它设定了这样的程序。人们给它们设定什么样的程序,它们才能做什么样的事情。但有一点你要知道,人类也只能做被设定好的“程序”。我们的基因在受精卵形成的瞬间就为我们设定了“程序”,我们的潜力也是受这个“程序”限制的。

 

Our "program" is so much more enormously complex, though, that we might like to define "thinking" in terms of the creativity that goes into writting a great play or composing a great symphony, into conceiving a brilliant scientific theory or a profound ethnical judgment. In that sense, computers certainly can't think and neither can most humans.

然而我们的“程序”要比电脑程序庞大的多,也复杂的多。我们可能会把“思考”定义为创造力,能使人们创作出一部伟大的戏剧或一首闻名于世的交响乐,还可以让你学习那些伟大的科学理论或评判那些意义深远的伦理道德。从这方面来讲,电脑的确是不会思考的,而且大多数人也都是不会的。

 

Surely, though, if a computer can made complex enough, it can be as creative as we are. If it could be made as complex as a human brain, it could be the equivalent of a human brain and do whatever a human brain can do.

当然,若人们能做出一台足够复杂的电脑,那么它也是会和我们一样富有创造性的。若能把它做的和人脑一样复杂,那它也就能和人脑旗鼓相当,能做所有人脑能做的事了。

 

To suppose anything else is to suppose that there is more to the human brain than the matter that composes it. The brain is made up of cells in a certain arrangement and the cells are made up of atoms and molecules in certain arrengements. If anything else is there, no signs of it have ever been detected. To duplicate the material complexity of the brain is therefore to duplicate everything about it.

如果还有什么要考虑的话,那就是要假设一下人脑还有更多的奥秘,而不仅仅是它的结构问题。人脑是细胞按照一定的形式组合而成的,而细胞又是原子和分子按照一定的排列顺序而形成的。若真还有什么别的奥秘,那也是以我们目前的能力检测不到的。对人脑这个复杂的东西进行复制,就意味着复制它所有的东西。

 

But how long will it take to build a computer complex enough to duplicate the human brain? Perhaps not as long as some think. Long before we approach a computer as complex as our brain, we will perhaps build a computer that is at least conplex enough to design  another computer more complex than itself. This more complex computer could design one still more complex and so on and so on.

那制造一个复杂到能复制人脑的电脑要多久呢?或许没有有些人想象的那么久。在制造出和人脑一样复杂的电脑之前,我们很有可能会制造出一台至少能设计出比它自己更复杂的电脑来,那这台更复杂的电脑也会制造出更加复杂的电脑,就这样一个接一个,一个接一个地发展。

 

In other words, once we pass a certain critical point, the computers take over and there is "complexity explosion". In a very short time thereafter, computer may exist that not only duplicate the human brain --- but far supass it.

换句话说,一旦我们过了某个临界点,电脑就能接替人脑的工作,而且它的复杂行也会激增。此后,电脑会迅速超越人脑,而不仅仅是复制人脑了。

 

@heyjude1943 @myAnne123 @Medical20 @指尖流苏 @me陈丽雯 @孤单羽毛 @Garry与Ib @ydyinglluk

 

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