2014.03.29【英译汉】 Which College and Which Major Will Make You Richest?- PII

heyjude1943 (兔纸) 初涉译坛
134 5 0
发表于:2014-03-29 21:21 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Part II

配图:最佳“美元对美元”高等教育投资 -年度投资收益率

排名:

1. 弗吉尼亚大学

2. 乔治亚理工学院

3. 哈佛大学

4. 威廉玛丽学院

5. 华盛顿大学

6. 德克萨斯达拉斯大学

7. 新墨西哥理工学院

8. 斯坦福大学

9. 库珀联合大学

10. 密歇根大学


And what about benefit? PayScale has two measures that are useful. First it calculates the 20-year college premium using self-reported income surveys. This tells you the amount of money a college grad will make in two decades above and beyond what she would have made if she didn't attend college. For example, if Derek University costs $100,000 and my graduates earn $1 million extra over the next 20 years, my net return is $900,000. PayScale also measures "annualized ROI," which helps us see the dollar-for-dollar benefit of certain schools and programs.
那么收益如何? PayScale有两种有效的测量方法。首先,它通过自我申报的收入调查,计算20年期大学溢价。这将告诉你一个大学毕业生在未来20年的收入比起她没有进入大学的话收入是多还是少。举个例子,如果德里克大学学费为10万元,毕业生在未来20年中可以赚100万美元,净回报就是90万美元。 PayScale的还有一项测量措施“年度投资回报率”这有助于我们实打实的看到特定学校和专业的收益。



With all that methodology out of the way, we can get to the fun stuff. Here's the first big fat list: The ten schools with the highest-earning graduates over the next 20 years. By this measure, Harvey Mudd is America's one million-dollar college.
通过各种不同寻常的方法,我们可以得出有趣的结论。这里是一份薪水优厚的列表:未来20年收入最高的十大高校毕业生。通过这种方法可见哈维穆德学院是全美第一的百万美元大学。



Harvey Mudd's record here is impressive. But its net cost is more than twice as much as Harvard's due to their disparity in grant aid. So it's also useful to look at annualized ROI—the "bang-for-your-buck" measure.
哈维穆德学院的战绩令人印象深刻。但如果摊进奖学金援助,它的净成本大概是哈佛大学的2倍多。所以看看年度投资回报率也很有必要 -- 这是性价比很高的办法。



By that dollar-for-dollar measure, the best college investment isn't Harvey Mudd, Cal Tech, MIT, or any of those schools you might expect. It's the University of Virginia (if you're an in-state student) and Georgia Tech. Harvard and Stanford also crack the top 10. (Alert: I've shortened the Y-axis here to highlight just how far ahead UVA and Georgia Tech are.)
通过这种美元对美元的方法,最值得投资的大学不是哈维穆德学院,加州理工学院,麻省理工学院,或者任何你预期的大学。而应该是弗吉尼亚大学(如果你是本州学生的话)和佐治亚理工学院。哈佛大学和斯坦福大学也进入了前10名。(警示:我在这里缩短了Y轴,为了强调弗吉尼亚大学和佐治亚理工大学是多么的领先。)



Everybody graduates from college with a major. So I wanted to know not just which college grads get richest but which college majors are the tickets to richness? PayScale tracks that, too. And no degree in America is more valuable than a computer-science major at Stanford, Columbia, or Berkeley. Notably, the most valuable non-computer-science major in the country is also at Stanford: economics.
每个大学毕业生都从某所大学某个专业毕业的。所以我想知道的,不只是哪所大学毕业生最富有,而且是哪种专业更能敲开财富的大门。PayScale也进行了跟踪调查。在美国没有比斯坦福大学的计算机科学专业更值钱的专业了,哥伦比亚大学和伯克利学院与之并肩。值得注意的是,在美国非计算机专业中最有价值的是:斯坦福大学的经济学专业。



But once again, for dollar-for-dollar investment, nothing beats going to the University of Virginia as an in-state student. PayScale found that a degree in business, or computer science, or engineering, or economics at UVA has a higher dollar-for-dollar return than any major at any other school in the country. Yes, better than majoring in finance at Harvard, or computer science at Stanford, or business at Berkeley, or anything at Harvey Mudd.
不过话又说回来,对于美元对美元的投资来说,最有前途的就是去弗吉尼亚大学做学生了。PayScale发现弗大的商业、计算机科学、工程学、或者经济学专业的学位,比起国内任何一所大学都具有更高的投资回报率,是的,超过了哈佛的金融系、斯坦福的计算机系、伯克利的商业管理,或哈维穆德的任何专业。



***
***



It's important to be clear about what this study is telling us and what it's not telling us. The fact that the most valuable colleges here seem so predictable is an interesting data point, because the predictably best colleges tend to get the best students. So what you're seeing here isn't just the quality of the school's education but also the quality of the students it attracts. 
重要的是我们应该弄清楚这项研究要告诉我们的东西,以及隐藏的东西。事实是最有价值的高校似乎轻而易举可以预见,这是有趣的数据点。因为按理说最好的大学往往会得到最好的学生。所以你在这里看到的不仅是学校的教育质量,而且还有它能够吸引到的学生的素质。



Indeed, that's one reason why it's important to not conflate "highest ROI" with "best" or "smartest." At Columbia University, an arts major has a 20-year expected return of $477,000, but an economics major at the school earns an extra $900,000 and a computer science major gets $1.6 million. Perhaps another study can prove that Columbia's economics majors are twice as smart as its art majors. But the more reasonable explanation is that economics majors actually want to maximize their earnings after graduation. So they tailor their education to set them up for maximizing post-graduate income. The upshot of this study is that college is often a very good investment and the schools everybody has heard of do a great job of raising lifetime incomes. But majors matter, too: That's why smaller schools with high concentrations of computer science and engineering students near large cities with thriving technology scenes (Harvey Mudd, Cal Tech, Stevens, NYU Poly) dominate the list.
确实,这解释了勿将“最高的投资回报率”与“最佳”或“最聪明的”混为一谈的重要性。哥伦比亚大学,艺术专业20年预期收益为47.7万美元,但经济学专业需要赚取90万美元,计算机专业则是160万美元。或许有其他研究能证明哥大的经济学专业要比艺术专业聪明两倍。但是更合理的解释是:经济学专业的学生只想将毕业后的收入最大化而已。因此,他们调整了教育设置使之能够将他们毕业后的收入最大化。这项研究的要点是,大学通常是一项很好的投资,进入一所众所周知的大学对于提升未来人生的收入举足轻重。专业也至关重要:这就是为什么一些开设计算机专业较多的小型高校,以及处于科技发达的大城市周边学工程系较多的高校在排位上占据前位。(如哈维穆德学院、加州理工学院、史蒂文斯、纽约大学理工分校)

分类: 英语
全部回复 (5)

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团