2014.03.31【英译中-跟我学词伙系列-04】关于现代社会的浪费行为的简单讨论

迷失在白森林 (Mr.Lu) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-31 18:19 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

People today are tempted to discard some goods which are still in good conditions, and this habit has given rise to many environmental problems. Some measures can be taken to solve this problem.

现如今,人们热衷于丢弃那些其实还可以继续使用的物品,而这种习惯显然已经对环境造成了一些影响。我们需要采取一些措施来解决这个问题。

One reason why the throw-away culture has developed is that the economic growth enables people to purchase many products. They give importance to material possessions, which can offer them a sense of fulfillment. For example, some electronic devices such as mobile phones have been well sought after in the market,and it seems that many consumers tend to throw away old products and buy the latest one.

“丢弃“文化形成的一个主要原因是经济增长,使得人们有能力去购买更多的产品。因此很多人觉得物质拥有体现了一种成就感。举例来说,一些电子产品如智能手机在市场受到相当多人的追捧,所以很多消费者愿意购买最新的款式而丢弃旧的。

Another reason is that many people lead a busy life. They are less likely to spend time housework and cook meals, and this is why they tend to rely heavily on disposable products such as packed food, canned food and paper tableware. This is particularly clear among people who live away from parents and they do not feel the need to prepare home-cooked meals. 

而现代人们生活节奏不断加快也促使这种文化的发展。人们几乎很少会把时间浪费在做家务和做饭上面,这也是为什么他们非常依赖于一次性产品,例如快餐,罐头食品以及纸质餐具等。对于那些长期不和父母住一起的人来说,他们更加觉得没有必要去自己准备佳肴。

To reverse this trend/To solve this problem, it is important to impose a tax on electronic devices and also on disposable products. The price of these items will increase accordingly, which serves as a disincentive to consumption. Governments should also launch awareness campaigns to raise environmental awareness in the general public. These campaigns make it possible for people to realize the consequence of their habits and to modify their behavior subsequently.

为了改变这样一种不健康的生活方式,对电子及一次性产品加大税收是很重要的。 随着这些物品价格的提高,可能会抑制一定的消费。除此之外, 政府也应该对公众进行一些环境意识的宣传。 这些宣传在某种程度上可以让人们意识到他们个人习惯对整个环境的影响,因此会逐渐改变。

To summarise, the throw-away culture has evolved because of economic development and lifestyle changes. Governments should pay attention to education and regulations.

总的来说,经济发展和生活发生的改变衍生了“丢弃”文化。政府应该注重对大众的环境教育并出台相关的规定来制止这种文化的发展

分类: 英语

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