2014.03.31【英译中-跟我学词伙系列-05】环境问题是否需要全球的合作

迷失在白森林 (Mr.Lu) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-31 19:40 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Environmental issues have affected the world to such extent that these issues are now of concern to all countries. The world can benefit from an international approach to overcome these challenges, rather than rely on individual countries’ effort. 

环境问题已经上升到了全球的范围并对所有国家产生了影响。 通过国际合作来解决环境问题对全球都是有利的,而仅仅考一个国家是很难做到的。

If countries work together, they are required to make a concerted effort to tackle environmental problems. Countries are divided as to how to protect the environment and reduce pollution, and this means that they are involved in these issues to varying degreesGlobal cooperation makes it possible to enforce laws worldwide, which have a binding effect. For example, laws prompt member states to reduce carbon emissions and it is a shared responsibility for them.

如果国家之间合作,他们需要合同协力去解决环境问题。很多国家面临的环境问题程度不一样,因此被划分成了很多不同的区域。全球合作可以使法律来制约,即带来连带效应。比如,法律促使成员国减少汽车尾气的排放,而所有成员国都负有相应的责任。

Another advantage of international cooperation is that it can capitalize on the world’s resources and improve the situation immediately. It can provide countries with opportunities to pool resources (such as manpower and capital) and import technology from other countries. For example, some industrialized countries (developed countries) have enormous experience in reducing land degradation and alleviating water pollution. These technologies can benefit those poorer sections of the world, which do not have resources to deal with environmental problems effectively. This will ensure the world makes huge strides in these problems.

全球化合作的另外一个好处就是它可以利用全世界的资源并很快的改变现状。这样一个合作可以使很多国家资源共享并从其他国家引进技术。像一些发达国家对于处理污水及土地流失有着丰富的经验及高端的技术,而就是这些技术可以给全球范围类缺乏这种资源的地方带来福音。这样环境问题方面就取得了巨大的进步。

On the other hand, personal action can also play a central role in preventing environmental degradation. It is important for individuals to change their ways of life, in addition to obeying laws. For instance, they may cut down the use of disposal products and turn to fuel-economical cars, which can reduce the environmental impact on their daily lives. By contrast, if they did not take any action to make a change, the world’s effort to preserve the environment would go unrewarded.

而另一方面,个人行为在保护环境污染的问题上也起到了重要作用。除了要遵守法律法规,对于很多人来说改变生活方式也很重要。比如,他们可以减少一次性产品和汽车的使用,这样能减少他们生活中对环境产生的不良影响。 相反,如果人们不做出任何改变,全球合作的努力也是白费。

To summarise, the international approach should be adopted to remedy the situation although individuals should also assume their responsibilities.

分类: 英语

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