2014.03.31【英译中-跟我学词伙系列-10】住房紧张的问题是否应该由政府来解决

迷失在白森林 (Mr.Lu) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-03-31 22:26 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The severe housing shortage in some cities has made it difficult for city dwellers to live a happy life, and it is true that government action can mitigate this problem, with the support from private companies. 

住房严重短缺的问题在一些城市已经让很多市民感到疲惫不堪,而加上一些私有企业的支持,政府通过改革是可以解决这个问题。

To tackle the problem, governments should first play closer attention to urban planning.  It is necessary to provide state housing, namely, free housing available for disadvantaged people who are unable to afford rent or mortgage. In cities whose land is underused, governments can also redevelop run-down areas to make room for the construction of residential buildings. This is unattainable for private companies, which normally do not have a comparable amount of capital and land

为了解决这个问题,政府首先必须重视城市规划。 为那些无法承担房租或者房贷的弱势群体提供免费住房是政府应该做的事情。 对于那些没有很好利用土地的城市,政府也应该通过建设民宅区来改善这些落后的区域。 这种做法对私有公司来说不太现实,因为他们没有足够的资金和土地。

The government can also encourage inhabitants to move to suburbs or rural areas, and this policy can alleviate the pressure on housing market in cities. Governments can improve mass transit systems, so people who live in these suburbs can travel to and from work easily. Financial incentives can also be provided to support people who settle in low-density neighborhoods. These policies are effective in land-scale cities, which cannot meet the growing demand for housing

另外政府也可以鼓励居民搬迁到郊区或者城市外环,这个政策可以减少房屋市场的很多压力。政府可以改善并提高公共交通系统,这样那些住在郊区的人们也能够很方便的上下班。对于那些愿意搬往人口密度较小地区的居民也应当给予一定的经济补助。 这些政策对于那些土地稀缺的城市来说是非常有限的。

On the other hand, real estate companies should lay emphasis on housing designs and make an effort to provide more options for homebuyers. These companies can give importance to small flats or high-rise apartment blocks, which can make the most of land and space in urban areas. Without the support from private sector, governments may find it difficult and expensive to tackle the housing problem

但是另一方面,房地产公司应该注重民宅的设计并努力为购房者提供更多的选择。这些公司应该着手于小户型或者高建筑民宅,这样可以最大化的利用土地和空间。如果没有这些房地产公司的协助,政府也很难或者要花费很多金钱来解决住房问题。

分类: 英语

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