2014.04.02【英译中】2011年12月四级阅读真题之passage 1

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发表于:2014-04-02 16:16 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Boys’ schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music.

男校是教会年轻男性表达他们情感并且使他们能够参与艺术、舞蹈和音乐等活动的最佳场所。


Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity, the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without pressure to conform to a stereotype, a US study says.

据美国的一项研究表明,和进攻性的阳刚文化中的传统形象远远不同,女孩的不存在使得男孩们有机会避免陈规,从而自由发展。


Boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped developed their emotional expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to conform to the “boy code” of hiding their emotions to be a “real man”.

据说,在单一性别学校的男孩们更有可能参与到文化艺术的活动中去,从而帮助他们培养情感表达能力,而不是让他们感觉他们必须遵照“男孩准则”来隐藏他们的情感,去成为一个“真正的男人”。


The findings of the study go against received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls.

这项研究的发现违背被广泛接受的男孩和女孩在一起受教育会做得更好的想法。


Tony Little, head master of Eton, warned that boys were being failed by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls.

Tony Little,Eton的校长,警告说男孩将会因为英国的教育体制而变得失败,因为它太过于关注女孩了。


 He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls.

他批评老师们,因为他们没有意识到男孩们事实上比女孩们更情绪化


The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when their female peers do better earlier in speaking and reading skills.

这项研究认为男孩们总是在男女同校的学校里表现得糟糕是因为当同龄女孩在口语和阅读技巧方面早期表现得更好时,男孩们会变得沮丧。


But in single-sex schools teachers can tailor lessons to boys’ learning style, letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom, wrote the study’s author, Abigail James, of the University of Virginia.

但是在单一性别的学校里,老师可以使课程的教学符合男孩们的学习方式,让他们在教室里走动,同时可以以小组竞争的方法使他们避免无聊,这份研究的作者,弗吉尼亚大学的Abigail James写道。


Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with “boy-focused” approaches such as themes and characters that appeal to them.

老师们可以通过“以男孩为中心”的方法来鼓励男孩们去享受阅读和写作,例如使用吸引他们的主题和人物

 

Because boys generally have more acute vision, learn best through touch, and are physically more active, they need to be given “hands-on” lessons where they are allowed to walk around. 

因为男孩们通常有更敏锐视角,最佳的学习方式是通过触摸,并且他们更好动,所以他们需要被给予的是亲自动手并且可以随意走动的课程。


(未完待译...)


最后编辑于:2014-04-02 16:16
分类: 英语
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