2014.4.3【英译中】038 美国最具权力的法院是什么?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-03 10:44 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
38. What is the highest court in the United States?
Answer:
The Supreme Court
38. 美国最具权力的法院是什么?
最高法院


  人人都会犯错,但如果是法官犯了错怎么办?想象一下,你惹上了官司,法官判你输了,但你仍然认为你是对的。那么下一步你就要提起上述,要求更高一级的法院来审理你的案子。如果这次上诉也失败了,你还可以向更高一级法院上述。最终到了最高法院后,就是你的最后机会了。
  最高法院不会受理所有的案子。她每年都会受到超过7000份诉讼请求,但实际受理的不超过100份。那是因为最高法院的时间、人力资源都极其有限,他们希望把有限的资源都用在刀口上。他们特别看重那些涉及联邦法律解释权,尤其是牵扯宪法的案子。
  最高法院受理的案子对于美国文化和法律都是影响深远的。有些案子后来都家喻户晓了。例如,布朗诉教育委员会案件使得学校中种族隔离变成违法。罗伊案使堕胎合法化。
  最高法院的总部设立在华盛顿特区中心,这栋建筑也被叫做“正义之殿”,殿堂就是人们用来朝拜神灵的圣地。
Explanation:
  Everybody makes mistakes, but what happens if it is a judge (or a person who makes legal decisions in a court)? Imagine that you are in a lawsuit (or a problem or argument that has to be talked about in court) and the judge rules (or decides) against you, but you still think that you are right. Your next step is an appeal, which is an official document asking a higher, more important court to rule on your lawsuit. And if that appeal fails (or doesn’t work), you might make another appeal to an even higher court. Eventually, however, there are no higher courts because you have arrived at the Supreme Court, which is often called “the highest (or most important) court in the United States.”
  The Supreme Court doesn’t agree to rule on all cases (or lawsuits). The Supreme Court receives more than 7,000 petitions (or requests to rule on a case) each year, but it accepts fewer than 100 of them. That is because the Supreme Court has limited time and people to do the work, and it wants to use them to rule on only the most important cases. In particular, it wants to rule on cases that are related to how federal laws are interpreted (or understood), especially when they are related to the U.S. Constitution (or the country’s most important legal document).
  The Supreme Court’s cases are very far-reaching, meaning that they have a lot of influence in American culture and law. Some of their cases are well known to most Americans. For example, one famous case known as Brown v. Board of Education made it illegal to have separate schools for white students and black students.
Another famous case known as Roe v. Wade made abortions (the practice of ending a pregnancy so the baby is never born) legal.

  The Supreme Court meets in the Supreme Court Building in the center of Washington, DC. The building is sometimes called the “Temple of Justice” where a temple is a holy place that people build for their gods.

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