2014.04.03【英译中】017 美国国会分为哪两个部分?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-03 11:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?  
Answer:   
The Senate and House (of Representatives) 
17. 美国国会分为哪两个部分?
参议院和众议院
  
  在联邦政府中,“国会”这个词代表了美国的立法机构,这是大部分人都熟知的意义,但你知道另外一层意思吗?“国会”也被理解为立法会议。联邦政府同时使用这两层意思。事实上,新的国会意味着一次新的会议,每2年一次。第一次国会是在1774年召开的,最近的一次,也就是第110次会议,是在2007年1月4日召开的。
  当1774年第一次国会召开时,国会还是单院制的,只有一个立法分支。然而,国家领导人很快意识到新政府的运行十分没有效率,因此他们调整了组织结构。
  最主要的争论之一就是50个州的代表权如何在政府中提现?小洲认为每个州都应当拥有同等的权力。大洲认为拥有人口数多的州应当有更大的权力。解决方案就是写一部新宪法,把国会变成两院制。
  两院制是如何使大洲小洲都满意的?让我们来看看国会是如何运行的。国会分为参议院和众议院。在参议院中每个州都有2个代表,权力相当。众议院则不同,大洲代表人数就多,小洲则相对少点。参议院和众议院必须共同参与立法。这样一来,不管大洲小洲的权力是相等的,两边都满意了。
Explanation:   
   In the United States, the word Congress is used to refer to (or talk about) the legislative (or lawmaking) part of American government. Most people know this meaning of the word.  But did you know that there is another meaning of the word congress? Congress also means a meeting of legislators (or the people who make laws). In the U.S. government, you will hear both meanings of this word used.  In fact, a new congress—meaning a new meeting—starts every two years.  The first congress was held in 1774. The current congress, then, is the 110th Congress, which first convened (or met) on January 4, 2007. 
 
   When the first congress was held in 1774, Congress was still unicameral, meaning that it had only one part or group of legislators. However, the leaders of the country very quickly realized (or noticed) that the new American government was not very efficient (or didn’t do things very quickly or very well), so they wanted to change the system.  
 
   One of the major disputes (or disagreements) about Congress was how the 50 states would be represented in the federal (or national) government. People from small states thought that each state should be represented equally (or in the same way). People from large states thought that states with a higher population (or more people living there) should have more power to make decisions. The solution (or the way to fix the problem) was to write a new constitution (or document that creates the government for a country) and make the Congress become bicameral (or with two parts).   
 

   How does a bicameral Congress allow people in large and small states to have better representation?  The answer is in how the Congress works.  The two parts of the Congress are the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has equal representation, which means that each state has two representatives. The House of Representatives is different: larger states have more representatives and smaller states have fewer. The Senate and the House of Representatives have to work together to make new laws. This way, neither big nor small states have more power than other states. With this solution, both sides of the dispute were satisfied (or pleased).


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