2014年4月3日 【英译中】论学习(一)

发表于:2014-04-03 23:21 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
 

Of Studies- Fracncis Bacon

Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment and disposition of business. For expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshaling of affairs, come best from those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humour of a scholar.

论学习- 弗朗西斯.培根

  学习可充娱乐,供装饰,长才干。 充娱乐主要见于独处幽居之时;供装饰主要见于交谈之中;长才干主要见于判断和处理事务。有经验的人善于执行,并能一一判别细节;最有学问的人能提供有普遍意义的忠告,各种计划,安排事务。在学习上花费过多的时间就是倦怠;在装饰上花费过多的时间是矫揉造作;完全按照书本里的框框条条行事是学者的癖性。

They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience; for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they by bounded in by experience. Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use, but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention.

   学以补天生之不足,学问又受经验之补益。天生的能力犹如天生的植物一样,需要通过学习的方式来删减。书本所给的启示,若不以经验约束之,则会不着边际。有一技之长者藐视学习,头脑简单者崇拜学习,唯有智者能够利用之。因为书本本身并不教人用书之道,用书之道是一种智慧,不在书内而在书外,由观察得之。读书的目的并不是为了驳倒和争论;不是尽信书且视为理所当然;不是为了交谈和对话;而是为了深思熟虑权衡利弊。有些书应该浅尝即止的,有些书应该囫囵吞枣的,而有些书该细细品尝的。换言之,有些书仅需读部分片段;有些书不需细读;仅少数一部分需要专心致志认真研读其全部内容。

最后编辑于:2014-04-05 23:46
分类: 英语
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