2014.4.4【英译中】012 什么叫做“法治”

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-04 11:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
12.  What is the “rule of law”? 
Answer:  
•  Everyone must follow the law 
•  Leaders must obey the law 
•  Government must obey the law 
•  No one is above the law 
12. 什么叫做“法治”
人人都要守法
领导人要守法
政府要守法
法律面前人人平等


  800年前的英国,有一群人聚在一起想要建立一个新的政府。那时候英国是由国王来治理的。但是这位国王却不遵循法律。所以这些人就聚在一起制订了《大宪章》,规定国王和民众应当遵循同一部法律,这种形式就是我们现在所说的“法治”。
  多年后,也就是1787年,起草《宪法》的人借用了《大宪章》中的一部分内容来建立新的美国政府。这些人认为政府是为人民服务的,并且是人民当家做主。法治是相对于极权主义和暴民统治的概念被提出的。早期的美国人认为民主概念的核心就是法治。他们认为法律面前人人平等,这是唯一能体现美国社会各方面平等的方式。
  在如今的美国。警察、总统、普通民众及其他任何人都遵循同一部法律、无论贫穷贵富,都无一例外。法治也意味着所有美国人都是受同一部法律保护的,这种方式也叫做法定诉讼程序。
  法定诉讼程序是《人权法案》中用来保护公民权利的一项举措。诸如言论自由、宗教自由等权力现已广为人知,但是法定诉讼程序确实人们生活中最常被使用的一项权力。事实上,美国人也有些常用的说法来表达这种观念,诸如“法律面前人人平等!”及“正义是盲目的!”。
Explanation:  
    More than 800 years ago, in a city in England, a group of men got together to create a new kind of government.  At the time, England was ruled by a king, but the king did not follow the same laws as the rest of the people.  So these men wrote a document called the Magna Carta, which said that the king must obey (or follow) the same laws as everyone else.  This idea we now call "the rule of law." 
 
    Many years later, in 1787, the people who drafted (or planned in writing) the Constitution used the Magna Carta as part of its system of government for the new United States. These people believed in a government for the people and by the people (or a government created and run by American citizens), so the rule of law was put in place (or established) to protect against totalitarianism (or a type of government in which almost everything is controlled by the government) or against mob rule (control of the government by a large group of people, usually using violence to get power). Early Americans felt that the rule of law was central (or very important) to the concept of democracy. They felt that equality, which is the idea that everyone should be treated in the same way under the law, was the only way to be fair to all Americans in all aspects (or parts) of life. 
 
    In the United States today, police officers, the president, normal citizens, and everyone else must follow the same laws. No matter how much money or power a person has, he or she cannot be exempt from following (or not have to follow) the law. The “rule of law” also means that all Americans have the right to the same protections under the law. This idea of equal protection under the law is known as due process.  
 

    Due process is one of the rights guaranteed to all Americans in the Bill of Rights. Rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion are better known, but due process is one of the most commonly used rights in the United States. In fact, these are some common phrases that Americans use to express the ideas of due process and the rule of law: “Everyone is equal in the eyes of the law” and “Justice (or the legal system) is blind.”  



请教: “Justice  is blind.” 这句该怎么翻?

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