2014.04.05【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cells, study suggests(3)

wulianluck (Luckwu) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-04-05 22:15 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Much like the experience of Wehr's subjects, these references describe a first sleep which began about two hours after dusk, followed by waking period of one or two hours and then a second sleep.

就像威尔的主题经历一样,这些参考文献描绘了黄昏后大约2小时第一阶段睡眠开始,随之一到两小时浅睡眠后进入第二阶段睡眠。

"It's not just the number of references - it is the way they refer to it, as if it was common knowledge," Ekirch says.

“这不仅仅是参考文献的数量-这是他们参考的方式,犹如这是常识,艾克奇说。

During this waking period people were quite active. They often got up, went to the toilet or smoked tobacco and some even visited neighbours. Most people stayed in bed, read, wrote and often prayed. Countless prayer manuals from the late 15th Century offered special prayers for the hours in between sleeps.

在清醒阶段人们是非常活跃的。他们经常起床去上厕所或者抽烟,甚至有些人去拜访邻居。大多数人还是会赖在床上,读、写并且经常祈祷。15世纪后期开始为了给这些专门的祈祷者在这两个睡眠阶段之间祈祷,提供了数不清的祈祷手册。

And these hours weren't entirely solitary - people often chatted to bed-fellows or had sex.

这些时间里并不完全孤独的-人们经常床头私语或者性交。

A doctor's manual from 16th Century France even advised couples that the best time to conceive was not at the end of a long day's labour but "after the first sleep", when "they have more enjoyment" and "do it better".

16世纪法国的医生手册甚至建议夫妻最佳怀孕时机不是一整天的工作结束后,而是在第一阶段睡眠之后,他们会更加享受并且会易受孕。

Ekirch found that references to the first and second sleep started to disappear during the late 17th Century. This started among the urban upper classes in northernEuropeand over the course of the next 200 years filtered down to the rest of Western society.

艾克奇发现在17世纪的后期开始不再提及睡眠的第一和第二阶段。这开始于北欧上流社会并且持续了200年后这种观点渗入了整个西方国家。


2013.03.24【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain c(2)

2014.03.24【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cel(1)



@桃子Lynn @朵朵有致@猴孓吥帥 @effortsjiayo@金小呆 @SuzumiYuki 

最后编辑于:2014-04-05 22:27
分类: 英语
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