2014.04.06【英译中】 Linguistics 01

桃子Lynn (艾羽) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-04-06 12:35 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

补作业还是要找自己熟悉的东西有木有啊  

当年的参考文献有木有,拿出来复习一下,还是好翻多了。

PS:几乎全是定义,有参考一下语言学课本

   Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Linguistics can be broadly broken into three categories or subfields of study: language form, language meaning, and language in context. The earliest known linguistic activities date to Iron Age India (around the 8th century BC) with the analysis of Sanskrit.

语言学史研究人类语言的一门学科。广义上语言学可以分为三类:语言形式,语言意义和语言语境。最早的语言学活动可以追溯到铁器时代(大约公元前8世纪),由印度分析梵语开始。     

   The first is the study of language structure, or grammar. This focuses on the system of rules followed by the speakers (or hearers) of a language. It encompasses morphology (the formation and composition of words), syntax (the formation and composition of phrases and sentences from these words), and phonology (sound systems). Phonetics is a related branch of linguistics concerned with the actual properties of speech sounds and nonspeech sounds, and how they are produced and perceived. 
第一项研究是语言构成,或者说语法。重点研究说话人(或者听话人)使用的语言的系统规则。它包括词法(词的构成和成分),句法(这些词构成的短语和句子的结构和成分)和音韵学(声音系统)。语音学是与语言学相关的一个分支。涉及有声音素和无声音素的实际性质和它们是如何产生和被感知的。
 

   The study of language meaning is concerned with how languages employ logical structures and real-world references to convey, process, and assign meaning, as well as to manage and resolve ambiguity. This subfield encompasses semantics (how meaning is inferred from words and concepts) and pragmatics (how meaning is inferred from context).


语言意义的研究涉及语言如何使用逻辑结构和实际情况来表达、加工和赋予意义,同时也用来掌握和解决语义不明。这个分支学科包括语义学(如何从词和概念中推断意义)和语用学(如何从上下文中推断出意义)。

   Language in its broader context includes evolutionary linguistics, which considers the origins of language. Historical linguistics, which explores language change. Sociolinguistics, which looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures. Psycholinguistics, which explores the representation and function of language in the mind. Neurolinguistics, which looks at language processing in the brain. Language acquisition, how children or adults acquire language; and discourse analysis, which involves the structure of texts and conversations.   (Total 15 )

语言在其更广泛的范围内包括演化语言学,它考虑了语言的起源。历史语言学,探索了语言的变化。社会语言学,关注语言变异和社会结构的关系。心理语言学,探索了大脑中语言的表达和功能。神经语言学,关注语言在大脑中的形成。语言习得,儿童和成人如何习得语言,还有话语分析,包括文本和对话的结构。



 

最后编辑于:2014-04-06 12:36
分类: 英语

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