2014.4.6【英译中】南加州的5.1级地震(二)

发表于:2014-04-06 14:36 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

摘自china daily。。。。。

Hauksson said the earthquake sequence was unusual in that the 5.1 quake was preceded about an hour earlier, at 8:03 p.m., by a weaker foreshock of 3.6.(本人觉得翻译的有点语气不顺)

Hauksson说,这次的地震序列是与众不同的。因为5.1级地震是发生在一个小时之前,大概在晚上8:03,它是由一场3.6级较弱的前震引起的。

More than 20 aftershocks have hit the region. Hauksson said the magnitude of the earthquake was small enough that only “some minor damage” would be expected in the La Habra and Brea areas. Scientists are particularly concerned about the Puente Hills thrust fault because it goes directly underneath downtown Los Angeles. It was discovered only in 1999.

该地区已发生超过20次余震。Hauksson说,这次地震震级足够小,只有“一些小的伤害”会发生在拉哈布拉和布瑞亚地区。由于朋地山逆冲断层在1999年被发现是直接位于洛杉矶底部,导致科学家们极其关注它。

“This is the fault that could eat L.A.,” seismologist Sue Hough told The Times in 2003. The Puente Hills fault system was unknown to scientists when it ruptured in 1987, causing the Whittier Narrows earthquake.

2003年,地震学家Sue Hough在《时代周刊》说道,就是这个断层可能会吞到洛杉矶。直到1987年,朋地山断层系统破裂导致the Whittier Narrows地震,科学家才知道它的存在。

The Puente Hills runs through a large swath of densely populated Los Angeles County and is capable of producing a devastating, magnitude 7.5 quake.

朋地山横跨了大片洛杉矶县的人口密集区,能产生毁灭性的7.5级地震。

It is a broad, rectangular area 25 miles long and 15 miles wide, stretching from the Puente Hills near Whittier through downtown L.A., USC and Dodger Stadium and veering west toward Beverly Hills.

这是一个辽阔的地区。长25英里,宽15英里,从朋地山到惠蒂尔,再到洛杉矶中心、南加州大学和道奇体育场,然后顺时针转向贝弗利山。

In the 1970s, seismologists had thought that the worst quake to hit downtown would be a magnitude 5. But that all changed in 1999 when they discovered the Puente Hills fault. The surface of the fault plane cuts through the buried rocks like an angled sheet of paper, with its highest edge slanting up to the west and its deepest to the east. It lies about two miles under Dodger Stadium and four miles below downtown L.A.'s high-rise district. Its lowest point is nine miles underground, north of Whittier.(好像与方位有关的都翻译的不好。。。)

在20世纪70年代,地震学家原以为发生在市区的最严重的地震会是5级,但是当他们于1999年发现朋地山断层时,一切都改变了。断层平面的表面穿过掩埋的岩石就像一张有角度的纸,它的最高边缘倾斜至西边,最深处达东边。它位于道奇体育场下方2英里,洛杉矶中心高层区下方4英里。它的最低点离惠蒂尔北部地下有9英里。

Another problem is that the shape of the Puente Hills fault system funnels energy toward Los Angeles' densest neighborhoods.

另一个问题是,朋地山断层系统的形状成漏斗状,使得能量集中在洛杉矶密集的街区。

Video simulations show energy from a quake erupting, with the strongest waves rippling to the west and south across the Los Angeles Basin. By contrast, the magnitude 6.7 Northridge earthquake in 1994 that killed 60 people channeled its strongest shaking north to sparsely populated mountains.

视频模拟显示地震爆发时产生的能量伴有最强大的波浪席卷了洛杉矶盆地的西部与南部。相比之下,发生在1994年的6.7级的北岭市地震使得60人遇难,它将最强大的震动从北部传递到人烟稀少的山脉。

Vin Scully was calling the Freeway Series at Dodger Stadium on Friday night when the 5.1 quake took place. It occurred during the sixth inning.

星期五晚上,当这次5.1级地震发生时,斯科林正在道奇体育场宣布学院棒球联赛。地震发生在比赛的第六局。

 "A little tremor in the ballpark," Scully said. "I am not sure if the folks felt it, but we certainly felt it here."

斯科林说,一个微小的颤动。我不确定是否父老乡亲都感受到它,但是我们在这儿的确感受到它了。

"A tremor and only that thank goodness," he added.

他补充,仅仅是小颤动,感谢上帝。

The baseball game went on without incident.

这场棒球比赛顺利进行。

Scully later recalled the massive 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in the Bay Area, which occurred just before a game of the World Series.

斯科林后来回忆道,在海湾地区,1989年大规模的洛马普利塔地震仅发生在一次世界联赛的比赛之前。

感谢大家的支持。。。@xuyuting8000 @Medical20 @桃子Lynn @ydyinglluk @me陈丽雯 @xuejv813 @敏敏92 @日薄渐起  


 

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