2014.4.8【英译中】041 根据《宪法》,请列出联邦政府的权力

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-08 11:02 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
Answer:
• To print money
• To declare war
• To create an army
• To make treaties
41. 根据《宪法》,请列出联邦政府的权力
印制货币
对外宣战
建立军队
签订条约
  
  当最初的13个州联合起来建立新国家时,每个州都想要独立和权力。但是新政府也希望掌握联合这些州的权力。这就是《宪法》定义了政府权力及州权力的原因。
  联邦政府的其中一项权力是印制货币,包括我们用来交易的纸币及硬币。把这个作为国家层面的权力是有道理的,因为一旦每个州都可以印自己的货币,那么会给州和州之间的交易带来麻烦。只有当联邦政府有权力印货币时,我们才可以统一货币。
  政府的另一项权力是对外宣战。显然这是国家才能拥有的权力,如果只是两个小州对其他国家宣战没有意义。只有国与国之间才能开战。
  政府的第三项权力就是建立军队。每个州只能有州警察,而不能有驻外军队。
  政府的最后一项权力是签订条约。例如,美国是以国家的层面加入北大西洋公约组织,并成为其成员的。单独一个州是没有必要加入这个组织的,因为整个国家已经以联邦政府的层面来加入这个组织了。


Explanation:
  When the 13 original states united (or came together) to make a new country, each of the states wanted to keep its powers and independence (or ability to make its own decisions). But the new federal (or national) government would also need some powers or else the states would not be able to work together as a new country. That is why the Constitution (our country’s most important legal document) specifies (or makes clear) certain powers for the federal government and others for the states.
  One of the powers of the federal government is to print money or to make the bills (or paper money) and coins (or metal money) that we use to buy and sell things. It makes sense that this is a federal power, because if each state could print its own money, then it would be very difficult to buy and sell things across state borders (or the lines drawn between states on a map, where one state ends and another state begins). When only the federal government can print money, all the states use the same type of currency (or the type of money used in a country).
  Another power of the federal government is to declare war (or to say that a war is beginning). Obviously this power should exist only at the national level, because it doesn’t make sense for one or two states to declare war against another country. Wars should happen only between countries.
  A third power of the federal government is to create an army (or the large group of people and organizations that fight to protect a country). States can have police that work within the state, but not armies that work internationally or in other countries.

  Finally, the federal government can make treaties (or official agreements between countries). For example, the United States is involved in NATO, spelled “N,” “A,” “T,”“O,” which stands for the North Atlantic Treaty Organizations, at the national level. Individual states do not need to participate in NATO because the entire country participates in it at the federal level.


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