012队 2014.4.9【英译中】042 根据《宪法》,请列举州权力?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
107 1 0
发表于:2014-04-09 14:51 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
Answer:
• Provide schooling and education
• Provide protection (police)
• Provide safety (fire departments)
• Give a driver’s license
• Approve zoning and land use
42. 根据《宪法》,请列举州权力?
提供学校教育
提供警力维护治安
消防部门保护市民安全
发放驾驶证
区域划分和土地使用权


  有些来美国的人会对各州之间的巨大差异性感到惊讶。在一个州合法的事情在其他州不一定合法。在其他国家属于政府职能的事情在美国却是归各个州自己管。让我们来仔细研究下。
  首先,每个州都有自己的教育体系。美国政府是没有统一的教育系统的。每个州都可以建立自己的学校。这就意味着同岁同级的两个学生在不同州学校里学的东西是不一样的。这就是为什么有些州的高校要求学生学习外语或者3年数学,但其他州却不需要。
  每个州也可以拥有州警力来维护本州治安,而联邦政府则是建立军队来抵御外敌,维护国家治安的。甚至每个市也可以有自己的警力。
  这50个州都有义务保护居民安全。他们有自己的消防队来灭火。
  发放驾驶证属于州职能。每个州都有权决定哪些人可以得到驾驶证,每个州的驾驶证都是不一样的,不存在国家级的驾驶证。
  最后,每个州都有土地划分和使用权,并且决定这块土地的用途,住房、建商务楼、或者建公园。联邦政府是没有权力对每个州的土地使用情况指手画脚的,除非是国有土地。
Explanation:
  Sometimes people who come to the United States from other countries are surprised by the differences among individual states. Things that are legal (or allowed by law) in one state may not be legal in another! Many of the things that are determined (or decided) at a national level in other countries are determined at the state level in the United States. Let’s take a look at some of the powers that states have.
  First, states have the power to provide schooling and education. The United States does not have a national educational system. Each state can establish (or create) its own requirements. This means that a student in a school in one state may study different things from a student in another state even though those two students are the same age and in the same grade. That is why high schools in some states require that their students study foreign languages or complete three years of math, while high schools in other states don’t have those requirements.
  States also have the power to provide protection for the people who live there, and they do this by having state police forces (or groups of people and organizations that protect ordinary people). The federal (or national) government has an army for fighting internationally, but the states have the police to take care of problems within the state. Individual cities can have police forces, too.
  Each of the fifty states are also responsible for providing safety for the people who live there. They do this by having firefighters who can put out (or end) fires when they get out of control.
  Driver’s licenses (or permission to drive a car) are under the domain (or responsibility) of the states. Each state can decide who is allowed to get a driver’s license, and those driver’s licenses look different in each state. There is no national driver’s license in the United States.

  Finally, individual states have the power to approve zoning and land use, or the rules for what kinds of things the land can be used for, such as for housing, business, or parks. The federal government cannot tell the states how to use their own land unless there is federal land within a state.


--------------

本人开通微信公众号:花蕊夫人(关注方法:打开微信-通讯录-订阅号-添加搜索“花蕊夫人”~



     欢迎大家订阅我的新节目【美国精神100期】,采用podcast上广受欢迎的英语教学节目,听、说、读、写、译全方位入手,并结合艾宾浩斯记忆遗忘曲线,会在节目中提醒今日该复习哪一课,让你的英语不留死角。 

我相信,真正的好节目,不在于形而在骨。


分类: 英语
全部回复 (1)

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团