012队 2014.4.10【英译中】043 谁是你的州长?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-10 14:09 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
43. Who is the Governor of your state?
Answer:
Answers will vary. [Residents of the District of Columbia and U.S. territories without a Governor should say “we don’t have a Governor.”]
43. 谁是你的州长?
答案不确定。(哥伦比亚特区和美国属地居民会说“我们没有州长”)
  
  每个州都没赋予了很多权力和义务,因此他们需要强有力的领导者,这个人被称为州长。州长的权力是由每个州自己决定的,所以会产生各州长之间权力不均等的现象。然而,大部分州长的职责是相同的。
  在很多方面,州长对于州的意义类似于总统对于国家的意义。例如,州长进行州立法的程序和总统进行国家立法程序相似。就像总统任命联邦政府官员一样,州长也会任命很多州政府官员。
  州长们还必须控制预算,使之达到收支平衡。
  州长们还要履行一些形式上的职责。他们需要经常出席本州的重要活动,莅临指导。州长是在州政府办公楼上班的。许多州政府官员在政府大楼旁都有官方府邸。
  州长是有本州的居民选举产生的。除了佛蒙特州和新罕布什尔州2个州的州长任期为2年外,其他州的州长任期都是4年。
Explanation:
  States are vested with (or are given) many powers and responsibilities, so they need to have strong leadership (or direction and management from one person or a small group of people). The leader of each state is called a governor. Each state decides how much power its governor has, so some governors have more power than others. However, most governors have many of the same duties (or the things that one is expected to do in one’s job).
  In many ways, governors lead their states like the U.S. president leads the national government. For example, the way that governors are involved in lawmaking at the state level is similar to the way that the U.S. president is involved in lawmaking at the national level. Governors also appoint (or give political jobs to) many state-level officials, just like the U.S. president appoints many federal officials.
  State governors are also responsible for managing the budget (or the plan for how the state will spend its money in the future) and they try to balance the budget of their state (or make sure that the state does not spend more money than it receives).
  Governors have many ceremonial duties (or duties related to special days and special gatherings). They often go to important events in the state, speaking to the people who are there. The governor normally works in the state capitol (or the building where most of the state’s government offices are). Many state governments have an official residence (or home for the governor) near the state capitol building.

  Governors are elected (or chosen through a vote) by the state’s residents (or the people who live in a particular state for a particular period of time). In all but two states, governors serve (or work) for four years at a time. The governors of Vermont and New Hampshire, two states in the Eastern part of the U.S., serve for only two years at a time.


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最后编辑于:2014-04-10 14:15
分类: 英语

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