2014.4.11【英译中】044 请列举各州首府?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-11 14:57 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
44. What is the capital of your state?
Answer:
Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]
44. 请列举各州首府?
答案不确定。(哥伦比亚特区不是一个州,更没有州首府的概念。美国各大属地是有首府的。)


  美国50个州都有自己的州首府作为政府的办公地。那么联邦政府的首都在哪里?开国元勋们意识到如果把国家首都设在某一个州,那么这个州的权力就过于集中了,并且声望过高,这对其他州来说都不公平。他们必须找到一个相对公平的方式来设立首都。
  美国的第一个首都是纽约,但这只是一个临时的首都,只存在了很短的时间。首都选址的责任落到了第一任总统乔治·华盛顿身上。1791年首度被前往宾夕法尼亚州的费城,因为那时的费城还是全国最大的城市。但即使如此也只是个临时首都,联邦政府想要在波托马克河边上建立首都。
  1800年的时候,美国首都就正式迁往华盛顿哥伦比亚特区。之所以命名为哥伦比亚特区是为了纪念这位来自欧洲,并第一个发现美洲大陆的开拓者——克里斯托弗·哥伦比亚。华盛顿哥伦比亚特区是国家首都,也是一个城市,但它不是一个州。华盛顿特区是由马里兰州和弗吉尼亚州各分了一部分土地组合而成的,现在这两个州都是其临州。
  刚开始华盛顿特区的选址经常遭人诟病,因为它是建在沼泽地上的。那里的天气非常糟糕,还有很多蚊虫。但这个计划最终获得了成功,华盛顿特区至今为止还是我们的国家首都。美国总统府-白宫,进行立法的国会大厦以及做司法审判的最高法院都设在华盛顿特区,当然还有很多政府大楼、商务楼、剧院和纪念堂。尽管华盛顿有很多居民,但是他们在国会是没有投票代表的,因为这项权力只赋予每一个州。
Explanation:
  Each of the fifty states has a capital (or a city where government buildings are and important decisions are made) for its state government. But what about the federal (or national) government? Where is its capital? Our Founding Fathers knew that if they put the federal capital within one state, that state would have more power and prestige (or importance and respect) than all the other states, and that wouldn’t be fair. They had to find a way to have a federal capital that would not favor (or give advantages to) one state more than all the others.
  The first capital of the United States was New York City, but this was just a temporary capital, a capital for a short period of time. Our first president, George Washington, had to find a better place for the capital. In 1791 the capital was moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At that time, Philadelphia was the biggest city in the country, so it made sense for the capital to be there. But even this was only temporary and the U.S. government planned to move the capital to a site (or place) on the Potomac River.
  In 1800, the U.S. capital officially moved to Washington, DC. DC stands for District (or area) and Columbia, which refers to Christopher Columbus, who was an explorer (or a person looking for new places and things) and was one of the first people to come to North America from Europe. Washington, DC is the country’s capital and a city, but it is not a state. It isn’t in a state, either. Washington, DC was made by taking some lands from Maryland and Virginia, two states that border (or are next to) Washington, DC today.

  When Washington, DC was built, the site was very unpleasant. The capital was built on swampland (or very wet earth). The weather was bad and there were many mosquitoes and other insects. But the plan was successful and Washington, DC is still our nation’s capital today. The White House, where the president lives, the Capitol Building, where Congress makes laws, and the Supreme Court, where legal decisions are made, are all in Washington, DC, along with many other federal buildings. There are also many businesses, museums, and monuments (or things built to remember people and things from the past). Many people live in Washington, DC, but because it is not a state, they do not have any representatives who can vote in Congress, since that is reserved (or set aside) for states.


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