012队 2014.4.14【英译中】046 现任总统属于哪个党派?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-14 14:16 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
46. What is the political party of the President now?
Answer:
Democratic (Party)
46. 现任总统属于哪个党派?
民主党


Explanation:
  Senators, representatives, and the president of the United States almost all have political affiliations (or membership in a political party), but not necessarily the same ones. Sometimes most of the members of Congress have the same political affiliation that the president does. When that happens, making laws is usually easy, because Congress and the president have the same beliefs about what the government should do. Congress makes laws and the president approves them.
  参议员、众议员和总统几乎都有自己的政治立场,但不是必须相同的。有时国会大部分议员和总统同属一个党派,有相同的政治信仰,国会制定法律,总统批准,这时立法就相对容易多了。


  At other times, things don’t work as smoothly (or easily). Congress has one political affiliation, but the president has another political affiliation. When that happens, it is more difficult to make laws, because Congress and the president do not agree on what the government should do. Congress might pass a law, but when it goes to the president for approval, he or she may not sign it (or put his or her name on it to show that it is okay to make it a law).
  当国会和总统的政治立场不相同时,事情就没那么顺利了。国会和总统对政府运行的意见不一致,立法就变得异常艰难,因为一旦国会通过一项法案呈递总统,总统不一定会签署。


  Whether or not Congress and the President have the same political affiliation can change during an administration (or the period of time when one person is serving or working as president). That’s because the president is elected every four years, but Congress is elected more often. Members of the House of Representatives are elected every two years. Members of the Senate are elected for six years, but onethird (or 33%) of them are elected every two years, so the political affiliation of the majority (or the bigger part, more than 50% of the members) can change every two years.
  不管总统和国会的政治立场是否相同,这种局面会随着当权者而改变。这是因为总统任期四年,国会选举更加频繁。众议员2年选举一次,参议员6年选举一次,但是其中1/3的人也是2年选举一次。因此国会的多数党每2年会改变一次。


  This means that a president might begin his or her administration or term with a Congress that has a majority (or over 50%) of its members from the same party, but at the end of the administration, the situation might have reversed itself (or become the opposite). Presidents try to take advantage of (or use the opportunity to get the most or best results) the time when the majority of Congress members have the same political affiliation, because this is when the president can most easily pursue (or try to get) his or her agenda (or the plan of what a person wants to get done while working in a public job).

  这就意味着当总统当权时可能和国会多数议员的政治立场是相同的,但是当他任期结束时又会是另一番情景。总统会利用当权的这段时间尽力争取多数国会成员到他的战营里,这样他或她就可以实现自己的规划了。

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