012队 2014.4.15【英译中】047 现任众议院议长是谁?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-15 16:34 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
Answer:
John Boehner
47. 现任众议院议长是谁?
约翰·博纳


Explanation:
  There are 435 members in the House of Representatives. Can you imagine trying to make laws or to get any work done without a clear leader who can guide (or lead) all those people? The person who does this is called the Speaker of the House of Representatives, which is a very important position in U.S. government. The Speaker of the House not only leads the House of Representatives, but also is in the presidential line of succession (or the plan for who will become president if something happens to the president). If the president can no longer be president, then his or her replacement would be the vice president, but if he or she cannot be president either, then the Speaker of the House becomes president.
  众议院共有435名议员。你能想象如果没有一个明确的领导者的话,立法工作会变得多么困难,这个领导者被称为众议院议长,在美国政府中地位显赫。众议院议长不仅主持众议院工作,还是总统继承者名单中的成员。当总统无法履职时,由副总统继承,然后就是众议院议长。
  
  The Speaker of the House is a member of the House of Representatives. The 435 members of the House vote to decide who will be the Speaker. Usually the Speaker is a member of the majority party (or the political party that most representatives are a member of), but not always. The Speaker is elected (or chosen) on the first day of a new Congressional session (or the period of time when the Congress is meeting) for a two-year term, which is the amount of time that someone works in a public position. During those two years, the Speaker has all the same duties (or responsibilities) as a regular representative, discussing and voting on issues. But he or she also has some special duties.
  众议院议长也是众议员,由435名众议员选举产生。通常情况下,议长也是多数党成员,但不是绝对的。国会会议第一天就会把议长选举出来,任期2年,这期间议长的职责和其他议员是相同的,就重大事件进行投票表决。当然他还有一些特殊职能。

  The Speaker of the House has control of the calendar that shows when bills (or ideas for laws) will be discussed and voted on. The Speaker can use this power to make sure that his or her favorite bills are discussed and passed before other bills can be discussed and passed.
  议长控制着法案决议的日程。他可以利用这项权力让自己偏好的法案优先表决。

  The Speaker of the House also serves (or works in a public job) as the presiding officer when the House of Representatives meets. The Speaker of the House calls on other members of the House, giving them permission to speak when bills are being discussed. Nobody can speak unless the Speaker has given permission (or said that it is okay to speak).

  众议院会议由众议院议长主持。只有被他们点名的议员才能在会上发表意见,其他人都不允许随意发言。

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