2014.04.16【英译中】越不知道乌克兰在哪儿的美国人越想武装干预 Part 1

RunnerTracy (MFA161-A21) 初涉译坛
143 4 0
发表于:2014-04-16 00:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

昨天就想发来着,然后失败了

我拖了这么久的作业有一种对不起大众的感觉,尤其对不起队长。

但是,我真的大概是水平有限,以后应该会一段时间不翻长文了。



The less Americans know about Ukraine’s location, the more they want U.S. to intervene

越不知道乌克兰在哪儿的美国人更想对其武装干预

·         BY KYLE DROPP, JOSHUA D. KERTZER AND THOMAS ZEITZOFF

·         April 7 at 10:18 am

Where’s Ukraine? Each dot depicts the location where a U.S. survey respondent situated Ukraine; the dots are colored based on how far removed they are from the actual country, with the most accurate responses in red and the least accurate ones in blue. (Data: Survey Sampling International; Figure: Thomas Zeitzoff/The Monkey Cage)

乌克兰在哪儿呢?图中的点展示了在一个美国调查中参与调查者眼中的乌克兰的地理位置;点的颜色取决于它们与乌克兰实际地理位置的距离,最准确的点用红色表示,最不准确的点用蓝色表示.

Joshua Tucker: The following is a guest post from political scientists Kyle Dropp (Dartmouth College) Joshua D. Kertzer (Harvard University) and  Thomas Zeitzoff  (Princeton University).

*****

Since Russian troops first entered the Crimean peninsula in early March, a series of media polling outlets have asked Americans how they want the U.S. to respond to the ongoing situation. 

在俄罗斯军队于三月初首次进入克里米亚半岛时,一系列的媒体投票都问美国群众他们想如何应对这种动乱的局势。

 Although two-thirds of Americans have reported following the situation at least “somewhat closely,” most Americans actually know very little about events on the ground — or even where the ground is.

尽管三分之二的美国人表示这种局势至少“与我们稍微关系密切了点”,但是大多数美国人实际上对这块土地知之甚少——甚至不知道它在哪儿。

On March 28-31, 2014, we asked a national sample of 2,066 Americans (fielded via Survey Sampling International Inc. (SSI), what action they wanted the U.S. to take in Ukraine, but with a twist: In addition to measuring standard demographic characteristics and general foreign policy attitudes, we also asked our survey respondents to locate Ukraine on a map as part of a larger, ongoing project to study foreign policy knowledge.

2014年3月28日-31日期间,我们调查了一个数量为2066人的国内样本(由SSI提供),问了他们希望美国对乌克兰采取什么行动,但是又有点不同的是:除了调查标准的人口特征以及总体的外交政策态度,我们还让参与调查者确定一下乌克兰在地图上的位置,这是为了一个更庞大的正在进行中的研究外交政策常识的课题。

We wanted to see where Americans think Ukraine is and to learn if this knowledge (or lack thereof) is related to their foreign policy views. We found that only one out of six Americans can find Ukraine on a map, and that this lack of knowledge is related to preferences: The farther their guesses were from Ukraine’s actual location, the more they wanted the U.S.  to intervene with military force.

我们想了解美国人认为乌克兰在哪并知道有无这个知识与他们外交政策观点的影响。我们发现只有六分之一的美国人能在地图上找到乌克兰,并且这个知识与他们的政治偏好相关:他们眼中乌克兰的位置离实际位置越远,就越希望美国诉诸武力。

Ukraine: Where is it?

乌克兰:究竟在哪儿?

Survey respondents identified Ukraine by clicking on a high-resolution world map, shown above. We then created a distance metric by comparing the coordinates they provided with the actual location of Ukraine on the map.

参与调查者通过点击一个高分辨率的世界地图来确认乌克兰的位置,如最上图所示。当时我们通过他们提供的坐标与实际坐标的比较建立了一套距离的度量标准。

Other scholars, such as Markus Prior, have used pictures to measure visual knowledge, but unlike many of the traditional open-ended items political scientists use to measure knowledge, distance enables us to measure accuracy continuously: People who believe Ukraine is in Eastern Europe clearly are more informed than those who believe it is in Brazil or in the Indian Ocean.

像马库斯·普瑞尔这样的其他学者已经用图片来考察视觉传达知识,但是与政治科学家所采用的传统的广泛项目来检测不同的是,距离使我们能连贯地检验它的准确度:那些清楚地了解乌克兰在东欧的人比那些认为它在巴西或者印度洋的人更了解时局。

About one in six (16 percent) Americans correctly located Ukraine, clicking somewhere within its borders.

大约有六分之一(16%)的美国人能标对乌克兰的位置,即他们点击的位置在乌克兰境内。

Most thought that Ukraine was located somewhere in Europe or Asia, but the median respondent was about 1,800 miles off — roughly the distance from Chicago to Los Angeles — locating Ukraine somewhere in an area bordered by Portugal on the west, Sudan on the south, Kazakhstan on the east, and Finland on the north.

大多人认为乌克兰坐落在欧洲或者亚洲的某个地方,但是调查者的平均水平却偏离了乌克兰1800公里左右(大概是芝加哥到洛杉矶的距离),也就是说,乌克兰西边与葡萄牙接壤,南面是苏丹,东边毗邻哈萨克斯坦,北边则是芬兰。



@ydyinglluk @heyjude1943 @myAnne123 @Medical20 @warriors1015 @ziquan50 @xuejv813



最后编辑于:2014-04-16 00:16
分类: 英语
全部回复 (4)

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团