012队 2014.4.17【英译中】048 总共有四条《宪法修正案》是有关公民投票权的,请举例?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-17 16:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
Answer:
• Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
• You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
• Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
• A male citizen of any race (can vote).
48. 总共有四条《宪法修正案》是有关公民投票权的,请举例?
18岁以上公民都可以投票
投票不需要额外支付任何费用
不管男女都可以投票
任何种族都可以投票


Explanation:
  Voting is one of the important rights (or freedoms) that Americans have, but not everyone can vote. The Constitution, which is the most important legal document in the United States, has 27 amendments (or changes or additions to the Constitution that have been approved by the voters). Four of these amendments are about who can vote. Let’s take a quick look at each of them.
  投票权是美国社会一项很重要的权力,不是每个人都有权投票的。美国最高法律《宪法》总共有27条《宪法修正案》,其中有4条施关于投票权的,让我们来看一下。


  The 15th Amendment was passed (or approved) in 1870. It forbids (or doesn’t allow) the government to use race (or skin color) in deciding who is eligible (or has the right) to vote. Before this amendment was passed, many states did not allow black or African American people to vote in their elections. The 15th Amendment made that illegal (or against the law).
  1870通过的《第十五条宪法修正案》规定,禁止联邦政府在投票权上有种族歧视。这条法律出台之前,许多州都不允许黑人或非裔美国人在选举中投票,现在终于被这条法律打破了。
 
  The next amendment related to voting was the 19th Amendment, passed in 1920. This amendment forbids the government to use gender (or whether someone is a man or a woman) in deciding who is eligible to vote. Before this amendment was passed, only men could vote. This amendment gave women the right to vote.
  第二条有关投票权的是1920年通过的《第十九条宪法修正案》,禁止在投票时存在性别歧视。这条法律出台之前,只有男人可以投票,现在女人也有投票权了。


  In 1964, the 24th Amendment was passed. It prohibits (or doesn’t allow) the government to make people pay money to vote. Before 1964, some states had made voters pay a tax (or money paid to the government) to cast their ballot (or vote). This made it very difficult or impossible for poor people to vote and that is why it was made illegal.
  1964年通过的《第24条宪法修正案》规定,政府不能要求公民为投票支付费用。1964年之前,有些州要求投票者缴税,这样一来穷人要想投票就困难重重了,所以后来就投票税就被定为违法了。


  The fourth and final (or last) amendment related to voting was the 26th Amendment passed in 1971. This amendment grants (or gives) suffrage (or the right to vote) to American citizens who are at least 18 years old. Before this amendment was passed, many states would let people vote only if they were at least 21 years old. Many people thought that this was unfair, since young men could join the army when they were 18, dying for their country before they were able to vote. With this amendment, however, American citizens can begin voting once they are 18 years old.

  第四条也是最后一条关于投票权的是1971年通过的《第二十六条宪法修正案》。这条修正案规定凡满18周岁的质量负责人都可以参与投票表决。这之前,许多州都只允许21岁以上的公民投票。很多年满18周岁就入伍的年轻人,为他们的国家抛头颅洒热血,如果不幸牺牲的话,就没机会投票,这太不公平了。这条修正案发布后,现在只有你年满18周岁,就可以投票了。

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