012队 2014.4.18【英译中】049 美国公民的特有义务有哪些?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-18 10:31 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
Answer:
• Serve on a jury
• Vote
49. 美国公民特有义务有哪些?
成为陪审员
投票表决的义务


Explanation:
  People who come to live in the United States as resident aliens (or people who can live and work in the United States but are not citizens) can do almost everything that American citizens can do, but there are two important differences. Only U.S. citizens can vote and serve on a jury.
  从其他国家移民来美国的人除了投票表决和成为陪审员这两项义务外,其他都和普通的美国公民一样。


  In most countries, the right (or freedom) to vote is only for citizens. It makes sense that only the people who officially belong to a country should have the right to vote there. Serving on a jury, though, is not a right that is talked about as much as voting.
  在大部分国家,投票表决是只有本国公民才有的,这是理所当然的事情。然而另外一项义务——成为陪审员却没有投票那么受关注。


  In the United States, all people have the right to a trial by jury. A trial is a lawsuit or a case heard (or argued and discussed) in a court. If someone says that you have done something illegal (or against the law), you can argue about it in a court. This is your trial. The people who decide whether you are guilty (or that you have committed a crime) are the jury. The jury is the small group of people who will listen to the whole trial and then make a decision about whether or not you are guilty. They bring their decision back to the judge (or the person who manages the trial and courtroom) and he or she decides what your punishment will be (or how much money you will have to pay or how long you will be in jail for what you have done).
  任何一个美国公民都有权要求陪审团审讯。审讯就是在法庭上公开审理一个案件。如果有人认为你做了一些违法的事情,你就可以在法庭上辩护,这就是你的审讯。陪审团就是能定你罪的人群。他们把统一意见递交法官,最终由他/她来宣判。


  American citizens have the responsibility to serve on a jury. We call this jury duty and it begins when you get a letter in the mail summoning you (or telling you to come) to jury duty. Then you go to the court on the date stated (or written) in the letter. Many other people who were also summoned go to the court that same day. If you are selected for jury duty, then you have to watch the whole trial. Employers (or the people or company that you work for) give their employees time off (or permission to not come to work) for jury duty. Usually jury duty lasts only a few days, but if you are put on a very long and difficult trial, it can last weeks or even months.
  美国公民都有义务成为陪审员,我们称之为陪审员义务,你会收到一封来自法院的传票。当然还有其他被选中的陪审员也会被通知到。一旦你被选上进入陪审团,你就有义务听完整个审讯过程。公司会给员工陪审假,一般就几天,但是一旦你被卷入重大案件中的话,就说不准了,可能几个星期,甚至几个月。


  Since people in most states are paid only a very small amount of money by the court to be on jury duty, some people try to avoid (or not serve on) jury duty. But if everyone avoided jury duty, we wouldn’t have enough people to decide cases. So serving on a jury is an important duty (or responsibility).

  做陪审员收入微薄,很多人都不想做,但是如果每个人都逃避的话,案件就没法正常审理了。因此,成为陪审员是每个公民应尽的一项非常重要的义务。


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最后编辑于:2014-04-21 15:06
分类: 英语

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