2014.4.21【英译中】050 美国公民的专属权力有哪些?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-21 15:01 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
50. What are two rights only for United States citizens?
Answer:
• Apply for a federal job
• Vote
• Run for office
• Carry a U.S. passport
50. 美国公民的专属权力有哪些?
成为公务员
投票权
竞选公职
持有美国护照

Explanation:
    The United States is a land of opportunity, which means that there are a lot of things that people can achieve (or do) if they want to. But some opportunities are reserved (or set aside) only for U.S. citizens. What can citizens do that no one else can? Only U.S. citizens can vote, apply for a federal job, run for office, and carry a U.S. passport.
    美国是一个充满机会的国家,这就意味着只要人们想就可以达成很多目标。但有一些是只留给美国公民的,是什么呢?只有美国公民可以进行投票选举、成为公务员、竞选公职、持有美国护照。
  
    Only U.S. citizens can vote in city, state, and federal (or national) elections. This is both a right (something that one can do) and a responsibility (something that one should do). Many Americans choose not to vote, but they always have the opportunity to participate in elections if they want to.
    只有美国公民可以参加城市级、州级以及国家级的投票,这不仅是权力也是义务。很多美国公民都不想参加投票,但只要他们想随时都可以回来参加投票。


    U.S. citizens can also apply for federal jobs (or jobs with the national government). These jobs are not available to people who are not U.S. citizens. Sometimes this is because of the risk (or the possibility of something bad happening) of national secrets (or important information other people shouldn’t know about) being given to other countries. Another reason that federal jobs are not available to people who are not U.S. citizens is that Americans want their taxes (or money that they pay to the government) to be used to pay other Americans and not people from other countries.
    美国公民也可以申请成为公务员,这些职位只对本国民众开放。这是为了防止国家秘密的泄露。另一个重要的原因是,美国人希望他们交的税是付给本国公民的,而不是流入他人口袋。


    U.S. citizens may run for office (or try to get elected (or chosen) for a political job by voters). This can be anything from the mayor (or elected leader) of a city to the president of the United States and every job in between. Often there are other requirements to run for office, such as age or residency (or the amount of time that someone has lived in a certain place).
    美国公民还可以参加竞选,从市长到美国总统之间的所有职位都可以。当然参加竞选还必须符合其他要求,例如年龄和本国/本地居住年限。


    Finally, only U.S. citizens can carry (or have and travel with) a U.S. passport. Not all citizens have a passport. It is a document that we must apply for (or fill out a form to request). But all Americans are entitled (or have the right) to get a passport and travel to other countries. People who are not U.S. citizens, of course, cannot have a U.S. passport.

    最后,只有美国公民可以持有美国护照。不是所有的美国人都有护照,必须要申请的。但是所有的美国人都有资格申请护照去其他国家旅行。非本国公民是不能持有本国护照的。

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