2014.4.23【英译中】052 美国人是向什么宣誓效忠的?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-23 11:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
Answer:
• The United States
• The flag
52. 美国人是向什么宣誓效忠的?
美国
美国国旗

Explanation:
    “I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” 
    我宣誓效忠美国国旗及其所代表的合众国,在上帝庇祐下,此一国家不可分割,全体人民均享有自由与正义。


    Probably almost all Americans can recite (or say without reading) this pledge (or promise) of allegiance (or loyalty). When we say the Pledge of Allegiance, we are promising to be loyal to the United States and its flag, which is a piece of fabric that represents the country. The United States flag has red and white stripes and there is a blue square that has 50 white stars. The Pledge of Allegiance reminds us that we must love our country and should not do anything to hurt it.
    几乎所有的美国人都能脱口而出这段效忠誓词。当我们宣誓效忠时,我们是在对美国和国旗表示忠诚,国旗是代表国家的。美利坚合众国的国旗就是一块印有红白相间条纹的布,还有一个包含了50颗白色小五角星的蓝色长方形。效忠誓词时刻提醒着我们要热爱自己的国家,绝不做任何危害祖国的事情。


    When Americans say the Pledge of Allegiance, they must stand up, look at the flag, and put their right hand over their heart, on the left side of their chest. Let’s look at the words of the pledge of allegiance in more depth (or detail).
    当美国人在宣誓效忠时,他们必须站起来,面向国旗,将右手放在左胸前,心口上面。让了我们来仔细看看这段效忠誓词.


    The Pledge of Allegiance begins by saying, “I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America…” This means that we promise to be loyal to the United States flag. The Pledge continues, “…and to the Republic for which it stands….” A republic is a country or nation with an elected president and representatives, so we are promising to be loyal not only to the flag, but also to the country that the flag represents – in this case, the United States.
    誓词开始就说“我宣誓效忠美国国旗。。。”这就意味着我们承诺向国旗效忠。然后是“及其所代表的合众国”,合众国指的就是人民自己选举总统和代表,也就是说我们不仅宣誓向国旗效忠,同时也向其所代表的国家效忠,也就是美国。


    Then the Pledge says, “…one Nation under God….” This means that our country is one united nation (made of one piece, without many separate parts) and that God is watching over (or taking care of) the country. Then the Pledge says that our nation is “indivisible (or cannot be divided into smaller pieces), with liberty and justice for all.” Liberty is freedom and justice is fairness in the law.
    “在上帝庇祐下,此一国家不可分割”这意味着我们是一个统一的国家,上帝会保佑我们。誓词后面提到这个国家“不可分割,全体人民都享有自由和正义”。在法律中自由和正义就是指自主和公平。


    Most Americans learn to recite the Pledge of Allegiance when they are very young, reciting the Pledge every morning before classes begin in school. As adults, we don’t say the Pledge of Allegiance very often, but it is used for special occasions, like when people from other countries become U.S. citizens.

    大部分美国人从小就被要求在每天早上上课前背诵这段誓词。长大之后我们就不太宣誓了,但在一些特殊场合,例如其他国家的人要成为美国公民时,就必须宣誓效忠。


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最后编辑于:2014-04-23 22:32
分类: 英语
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