2014.04.24【英译汉】Greatest Film Adaptations Of Short Stories②

heyjude1943 (兔纸) 初涉译坛
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发表于:2014-04-24 11:45 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Greatest Film Adaptations Of Short Stories①:http://s.hujiang.com/topic/131085/


Ghost Walker by Ian Mackenzie Jeffers (2012)
《鬼行者/人狼大战》作者:伊安•麦肯齐•杰佛斯(2012年)
Liam Neeson has a particular set of skills; skills which he’s acquired over a very long career; skills which involve him turning unlikely film projects into resounding box office behemoths. 2011’s The Grey, like Taken, is one such example. Based on short story Ghost Walker by Ian Mackenzie Jeffers, it charts the survival of stranded Alaskan oil workers hunted by blood thirsty wolves following a plane crash, with Neeson on fine form as the sharpshooter who leads the fractious group thorough icicled and barren terrain. It shouldn’t work, but it does – terrifically, stretching out what really should be a short B-movie into a thought provoking battle between man and nature fraught with danger at every turn.
连姆•尼森有一组特殊技能:从他漫长的职业生涯中所获得的技能,就是能将没啥人气的电影经他演绎成为票房热门。2011年的《人狼大战》,还有《飓风营救》,就是这种例子。基于伊安•麦肯齐•杰佛斯的短篇小说Ghost Walker《鬼行者》,它表现了一帮陷入困境的阿拉斯加石油工人,如何从一群追踪失事飞机而来的嗜血狼群中逃生的故事,尼森作为神枪手,需要带领这群烦躁不安的工人们穿越冰封的蛮荒区域。故事本不怎么样,但是电影成功了——本来应该是一个短小的B级电影被极度扩展成为一场人与自然之间充满危险的战争,引发了人们对于这一关系的忧思。

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A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens (1843)
《圣诞颂歌》作者:查尔斯•狄更斯(1843年)
You’d have to have a heart made of a mint humbug not to appreciate The Muppets Christmas Carol, a fabulously colourful take on Charles Dickens’ festive masterpiece. Given extra significance for being the first Muppets film released after the death of Jim Henson, its all-star casting of Michael Caine as Scrooge worked out a masterstroke, fleshing out the five chapters of the short story into something fuller as the legendary actor booted a bevy of anthropomorphic creatures onto the snowy streets of 19th Century London to hammer home his rancour in style.
想要不喜欢《圣诞颂歌》太难了,除非你的心是薄荷硬糖做的,这部让人眼花缭乱的电影源自查尔斯•狄更斯关于圣诞的杰作。在吉姆•汉森去世后它获得第一部提线木偶电影的荣誉,它的全明星阵容其中迈克尔•凯恩扮演的守财奴斯克鲁奇,为这部电影抹上惊艳一笔。只有短短五章的小说经这位传奇演员的演绎得到了充实,一群拟人化的动物在伦敦19世纪白雪皑皑的街道上,将原作中对圣诞节的仇视发挥到了极致。

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The Double by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1846)
《两生花/双重人格》作者:费奥多•陀思妥耶夫斯基(1846年)
A luckless, docile government clerk whose life is turned upside down when an aggressive doppelganger mysteriously enters his daily slog? Widely regarded as one of the best stories of the short variety, it was as high concept as it got back in 1846. Even Vladimir Nabokov, who openly considered Dostoyevsky's writing average at best, couldn’t hide his relish for The Double, citing the subconscious-invading tale as the pinnacle of his rival's legacy, and we imagine he might have also enjoyed Richard Ayoade’s recent big screen adaptation, too. Chronicled in as darkly warped fashion as the book, Jessie Eisenberg stars as the lonely (and possibly schizophrenic) lead who stumbles around an uncaring, unflattering world where suicide and social exclusion abound.
一个倒霉又温顺的政府文员因为有一个面容和他非常相似的人物悄悄潜入他的日常生活,原本的一切天翻地覆。原作是公认的全世界最佳短篇小说之一,这部作品在1846年即具有高感性的特质。即使是弗拉基米尔•纳博科夫,他公开承认陀思妥耶夫斯基的创作充其量只算一般水准,但对《两生花》赞誉有加,声称这部潜意识入侵的小说是他文坛对手的巅峰之作。那么我们也能想象他可能也喜欢理查•艾尤德近期改编电影《双重人格》。书中以黑暗扭曲的方式记载了杰西•艾森伯格饰演的一位因为寂寞(也可能是精神分裂)的家伙在一个冷漠直白的世界中,在自杀和社会排斥习以为常的环境中挣扎度日。 


•高感性(High Concept)指的是观察趋势和机会,以创造优美或感动人心的作品,编织引人入胜的故事,以及结合看似不相干的概念,转化为新事物的能力。
•俄裔美籍作家弗拉基米尔•纳博科夫(Vladimir Nabokov)是二十世纪杰出的双语小说家、文艺评论家和诗人,作品有《洛莉塔》。纳博科夫是第一位以恋童癖题材作为主轴撰写并公然小说的作家,作品在上市初期饱受攻击。
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A Tell Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe (1843)
《泄密的心》作者:埃德加•爱伦•坡(1843年)
Say what you like about 1915’s Birth Of A Nation (hopefully that it’s racist – because it is), it’s still regarded a game-changer, a piece of landmark cinema, cementing D.W. Griffith’s legacy as an all-time great director since. For a lesser appreciated work by Griffith, seek out his earlier effort The Avenging Conscience, a creepily fantastic combination of Edgar Allan Poe’s short A Tell Tale Heart and poem Annabel Lee. When a young romantic falls for a woman but is prevented from courting her by his uncle, he kills the old man and proceeds to build a wall to hide the body. Soon enough, as with Poe’s A Tell Tale Heart, he’s plagued by enough guilt to send him spiralling into madness as the police close in on his act. A bold project carried off with aplomb.

1915年的电影《一个国家的诞生》,说说你为啥喜欢这部电影?(希望是种族主义——因为它就是)不过人们仍然将它当做游戏规则的改革者,一部具有里程碑意义的电影,也将D.W.格里菲斯镌刻在史上最伟大的导演之列。对于另一部格里菲斯没这么出名的作品,显示了他的早期努力的《复仇之心》,是结合了爱伦•坡的短篇小说《泄密的心》和坡的情诗《安娜贝尔•李》诡异而梦幻的组合。一位年轻的浪漫主义者爱上了一名女子,但是遭到他的伯父兼情敌的阻止,他杀死了老人,然后着手砌一堵墙用来藏尸。不久,与坡的《泄密的心》一样,他被罪恶萦绕,在警察对他的行径调查结束时陷入疯狂。一部大胆而又沉着的电影。

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Octopussy and The Living Daylights by Ian Fleming (1966)
《黎明生机/八爪鱼和黎明生机》作者:伊安•弗莱明(1966年)
Arguably more spoof sounding than any Austin Powers character, Octopussy (And The Living Daylights) was the 14th and final instalment in Ian Fleming’s James Bond canon, and oddly it wasn’t really a Bond story at all. On the contrary – the Octopussy instalment trailed chief villain Major Dexter Smythe, settling for a smaller appearance from 007 as the spy saved the day in bittersweet style, allowing his foe to commit suicide rather than face the music. Admittedly, not much of the story’s plot was used for the film, but it was the final act, this dark turn in Bond’s already maverick DNA, that, above all the source material, that has been echoed in a glut of EON produced flicks since.
《八爪鱼》(和黎明生机)可以说是比《王牌大贱谍》更加具有鲜明的揶揄,这是伊安•弗莱明的詹姆斯•邦德系列14部小说的最后一部,而且,奇怪的是这部并不是真正的007故事。相反——《黎明生机》讲述的主角是大反派德克斯特•斯迈思,而只安排007露了一小脸,用甜蜜苦涩的风格拯救一下世界而已。让邦德的敌人自杀,而不是轻描淡写的承担后果。诚然,电影中并没有用到太多原著故事情节,但它作为邦德系列的最后一幕,为EON出品的所有邦德电影——这一弥漫着特立独行的DNA的电影系列带来一笔黑暗的转折。

•EON:EON  Productions,007电影的制作公司
•face the music  [美国口语]为错误行为承担后果,勇于承担后果,不躲避责任;倾听批评(或责备)(借喻演员首次演出时克服紧张情绪)

[Images: AllStar, Rex Features, Youtube]
[图片来自:AllStar, Rex Features, Youtube]

(注:文中部分书籍因无中译本,故以电影名命名。)

全文字数:约2200字

分类: 英语
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