2014.4.24【英译中】053 在你成为美国公民之前需要承诺些什么?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
146 6 0
发表于:2014-04-24 16:29 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
Answer:
• Give up loyalty to other countries
• Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
• Obey the laws of the United States
• Serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
• Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
• Be loyal to the United States
53. 在你成为美国公民之前需要承诺些什么?
放弃对其他国家的忠诚
保卫美国宪法及法律
遵守美国法律
服役(必要时)
为国家工作(必要时)
效忠美利坚合众国


Explanation:
    Changing one’s citizenship (or the country that one belongs to) is a very serious life decision. Sometimes people think they want to become U.S. citizens because they want to have the benefits (or the good things) that all Americans have, such as having a U.S passport or the ability to get a federal (or national) job. But there are many other implications (or things that happen as a result of something else) of becoming a U.S. citizen.
    改变公民身份是一项重要的人生决定。有时人们是因为一些特属权利而想成为美国公民的,例如美国护照、成为公务员。但要成为一名美国公民还有一些其他的含义。


    People who become U.S. citizens must promise to be loyal to (or supportive of) the United States. At the same time, they must promise to give up (or no longer have) loyalty to other countries. In other words, when they become citizens of the United States, they can no longer be a citizen of another country. They have to give up their citizenship in the other country. This can be difficult for people who love their home country very much, because they might feel that they are betraying (or doing something against) the country they grew up in.
    想要成为美国公民就要对美利坚合众国宣誓效忠。这就需要这些人放弃对其他国家的忠诚。也就是说,一旦他们成为美国公民,他们就再不属于其他国家,必须放弃那个国家的公民身份。这对那些热爱自己祖国的人来说是非常痛苦的,感觉就像是背叛了自己的国家,自己从小生活成长的地方。


    People who become U.S. citizens also must promise to obey (or follow) the laws of the United States and to defend (or help protect) the country’s Constitution (or its most important legal document) and laws. This might mean speaking up (or saying something) when one sees that Americans’ rights are in danger of being taken away.
    成为美国公民必须要承诺遵守美国法律并维护《宪法》。这可能意味着当你看到美国人的权利受到侵犯时要勇于站出来维护它。


    Finally, people who become U.S. citizens must promise to serve (or do important work for) the country if it is needed. They also have to promise to serve in the U.S. military if needed. Young men who become U.S. citizens need to register (or sign up) with the Selective Service so that their name is on the list of people who can be called to serve in the Army if there is a war.

    最后,成为美国公民必须承诺任何时候当国家需要你时,你必须服从任何要求,必要的时候要入伍服役。成为美国公民的年轻人都需要进行兵役登记,一旦发生战争时,国家随时可以从备选名单上召你入伍。


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最后编辑于:2014-04-25 11:02
分类: 英语
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