2014.04.28【英译中】unempolyment①

发表于:2014-04-28 19:32 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

As you all know, the United States is a country on wheels.

众所周知,美国是车轮上的国家。

 Nearly eight million new cars are made each year; four households out of five own at least one ear, and more than a quarter have two each.

每年将近有800万新车在这里诞生,至少80%的家庭有自己的车,而且超过25%的家庭有两部。

 Yet you‘ll be surprised to learn that some of the car-owners even suffer from malnutrition(营养不良).

然而,你会因为这些用车一族中很多人都营养不良而震惊吧。

In 1968, a nation-wide survey of malnutrition was made for the first time.

第一次进行全国范围内的营养调查是在1968年。

It found that 10 million people are suffering in health through inadequate feeding; the causes of their plight(困境)were varied.

结果发现1千万人因为不充足的饮食正在遭受健康问题,而导致这个问题的原因多种多样

Unemployment over a long period should be considered as the main factor.

长期的失业应该被认作主要的因素。

And unemployment, strange to say, nine times out of ten results from automation, both in industrial and agricultural areas.

并且这种失业很奇怪,90%都因为工农方面的自动化。

 For example, in the rural South when a cotton plantation suddenly cuts its force from 100 people to three, the problem to help the displaced arises.

比如,在南方农村,一个棉花养殖地突然从100人裁员到了3人时这个问题救助涨了无家可归者人数的增长。

So is the case with industrial automation.

那确实是工业自动化。

In fact, probably 2 million jobs are made unnecessary each year in the whole country as a result of the automation process, thus making unemployment a chief social concern.

事实上,可能整个国家因为自动化进程每年在制造200万份不必要的工作,因此,失业成为了主要的社会关注中心。

According to government statistics, the number of people unemployed was over 5 percent for the period from 1958 to 1963.

据政府统计,在1958年到1963年期间,失业率超过了5%

 In July 1981, it rose to 7.8 percent.

1981年的七月,失业率涨到了7.8%

 As a matter of fact, it has long been known that even during the most prosperous periods there have been people without enough to eat.

事实上,即使是在最繁盛的时候也还有人没法温饱是很久才被知道的。

So I think that‘s why President Kennedy said in his inauguration speech in 1961, if the government did not help the poor, it could not save the rich.

因此,我觉得这就是为什么肯尼迪总统在1961年他的就职演说中说,如果政府没法帮助穷人,它也没法拯救富人。

 




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